HIST
HIST 101 Test 2 Notes.docx

Best friend and possible lover to alexander was

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—best friend and possible lover to Alexander/ was murdered by Alexander b/c he said bad stuff abt King Philip f. Homosexual/ Bisexual? Yes 5. Military Power- a. Theban Revolt b. 334 BC—Invasion of Persia c. 10 years = 20,000 miles of coastline to get control over Persian ports d. 332 BC—Egypt, Alexandria i. Bucephalus—city named after his horse e. Recognized as Pharaoh/ God by Egypt f. October 331 BC— Battle of Gaugamela i. Massive Greek VICTORY that ends Persian as a power 1. Darius III escapes/ Alexander chases him 6. Alexander and the Conquest of Persia- a. Alexander’s Empire- i. Has a temper tantrum at banks of Indus River Valley ii. July 326- soldiers refuse to go any further iii. 324—return to Babylon iv. June 13, 323BC— Alexander dies in Babylon most likely from fever b. Significance- i. Military genius/ never lost a battle ii. Lays foundations for final stage of Greek history iii. Hellenistic Age—Greek like Age The Hellenistic Age (week 9) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. The Hellenistic Kingdoms- a. No clear-cut successor i. Roxanna(wife) and son b. 275 BCE i. Alexander’s former generals break apart former empire
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2. Successors- a. Ptolemaic Kingdom- i. Founded by Ptolemy I/ included Egypt, Palestine, Arabia, Cyprus ii. Richest b. Seleucid Kingdom- i. Founded by Selucus ii. Was former Persian Empire iii. Most diverse c. Antigonid Kingdom- i. Founded by Antigonous/ “One Eyed” ii. Macedon, Thrace, and large portions of Greece iii. Most unified kingdom d. None of the kingdoms are very strong b/c of internal conflicts 3. Cosmopolitanism- a. Cultural unity b. Alexander’s vision —using Greek culture as a unifying force c. Integrated Greek into the local populations d. Trade networks e. Greek language —common language of the ancient world i. Most prominent way Greek culture was spread/ integrated to other communities f. World community 4. The Hellenistic world- a. Creating Greekness b. Hellenistic Education- i. Isocrates—believed learning to speak and write intelligently was important in everyday life ii. Ptolemy I (304-282) and the Museum—most famous philosophy school 1. Largest library in the world at that time iii. Kings established schools to teach the children (even of non-Greeks) the Greek customs c. 2 school- i. Rhetoric ii. Philosophy- for professional intellectuals 5. Science and Philosophy- a. Astronomy- i. Aristarchus —developed theory of solar system 1. Not readily accepted b/c of Aristotle’s ii. Ptolemy ( NOT the king)- all heavenly bodies revolve around the world b. Geography- i. Eratosthenes --Calculated the circumference of the Earth c. Math- i. Euclid —study of geometry
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d. Physics- i. Archimedes —mass and motion/ buoyancy e. Medicine- i. Herophilus —detailed description of brain, pulse, and blood circulation 6. Hellenistic Philosophy- a. Asks what is the Role for the individuals?
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