Eisenhower ran as a conservative keep what we got and

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Eisenhower ran as a conservative; keep what we got and no new stuff He does not dismantle the new deal but expands it The idea was that the economy could be doing better and the government could stimulate the economy with the interstate commerce stuff o It also allowed the US to defend itself; cold war fears Once sputnik was launched o Eisenhower starts to spend a lot of money on math and science education V. Civil Rights Movement a. Postwar racial situation In the North by the middle part of the 20 th century there was a substantial black population Huge chunks of major cities were entirely black with black owned businesses In the South, neighborhoods were still segregated but the demographic was more groupings smaller than in the North Beginning of 1940’s the Democrats begin to solidify the black vote by adding watered down civil rights agenda to their platform o By this time the black vote in the north was fairly substantial o They had to be careful as to not upset the white south Thurman desegregates the armed forces He strengthens the justice department and sees that they change their segregation policy
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In the south, race relations were still bad b/c this was wide spread legal segregation o It was still giving blacks a second citizenship status o Services for blacks were still very inferior o Blacks were politically powerless However the frequency of the violence goes down; lynching goes down b. Brown decision 1954, it was a huge Supreme Court decision o It showed that the government really was ready for a change in policy o It voted unanimously that segregation in public education was unconstitutional It was kind of a weird decision b/c: o It was not striking down segregation o It also didn’t have any guidelines or a time frame as to when segregation in schools should end 1955 Brown II; was still short on specifics o As far as a time line, it said that desegregation should proceed with “all deliberate speed” o The lower courts were left to deal with all of the heavy duty details Eisenhower does not actively support desegregation b/c he feared that there would be white backlash Central high school had 9 new black students and Eisenhower had to send out national guards to protect them for the remainder of the year Brown and Brown II did not end desegregation Dec 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person on a bus A Montgomery bus boycott was held by Parks and it was a big deal b/c it showed the US that blacks could stand up for themselves Parks was very active in Civil Rights; member of NAACP The bus boycott lasted about a year and the segregation laws about bus seats was struck down showing the nation that a boycott could have a positive effect in a relatively short time What the protest showed: o Showed the US that a massive movement such as a boycott can gain blacks civil right o Also showed white Americans that blacks don’t accept the Jim Crow system o
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