Socialist State had been established, microfascisms persisted that gave it ¶ unequaled ability to act upon the "masses." ¶ Daniel Guerin is correct to say ¶ that if Hitler took power, rather then taking over the German State administration, it was because from the beginning he had at his disposal ¶ microorganizations giving him "an unequaled, irreplaceable ability to ¶ penetrate every cell of society," in other words, a molecular and supple ¶ segmentarity, flows capable of suffusing every kind of cell . Conversely, if ¶ capitalism came to consider the fascist experience as catastrophic, if it preferred to ally itself with Stalinist totalitarianism, which from its point of ¶ view was much more sensible and manageable, it was because the egmentarity and centralization of the latter was more classical and less ¶ fluid. What makes fascism dangerous is its molecular or micropolitical ¶ power, for it is a mass movement: a
cancerous body rather than a totalitarian organism. American film has often depicted these molecular focal ¶ points; band, gang, sect, family, town, neighborhood, vehicle fascisms ¶ spare no one. Only microfascism provides an answer to the global question: Why does desire desire its own repression, how can it desire its own ¶ repression? The masses certainly do not passively submit to power; nor do ¶ they "want" to be repressed, in a kind of masochistic hysteria; nor are they ¶ tricked by an ideological lure . Desire is never separable from complex ¶ assemblages that necessarily tie into molecular levels, from ¶ microforma-tions already shaping postures, attitudes, perceptions, ¶ expectations, semiotic systems, etc. Desire is never an undifferentiated ¶ instinctual energy, but itself results from a highly developed, engineered ¶ setup rich in interactions: a whole supple segmentarity that processes ¶ molecular energies and potentially gives desire a fascist determination. ¶ Leftist organizations will not be the last to secrete microfascisms . It's too ¶ easy to be antifascist on the molar level, and not even see the fascist ¶ inside you, the fascist you yourself sustain and nourish and cherish with ¶ molecules both personal and collective. ¶ Four errors concerning this molecular and supple segmentarity are to be ¶ avoided. The first is axiological and consists in believing that a little suppleness is enough to make things "better." But microfascisms are what ¶ make fascism so dangerous , and fine segmentations are as harmful as the ¶ most rigid of segments. The second is psychological, as if the molecular ¶ were in the realm of the imagination and applied only to the individual and ¶ interindividual. But there is just as much social-Real on one line as on the ¶ other. Third, the two forms are not simply distinguished by size, as a small ¶ form and a large form; although it is true that the molecular works in detail ¶ and operates in small groups, this does not mean that it is any less coextensive with the entire social field than molar organization. Finally, the qualitative
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- Winter '16
- Jeff Hannan
- The Metamorphosis, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari