Resolution death penalty should not be abolished

This preview shows page 10 - 12 out of 19 pages.

ResolutionDeath penalty should not be abolished; rather, the criminal justice system should play itsrole effectively. The U.S. criminal justice system is made up of three branches: law enforcement,the courts, and corrections. The law enforcement consists of police officers, federal agents, andsheriffs. Law enforcers are usually the first contact between criminals and the criminal justicesystem. The primary role of law enforcement in death penalty is to investigate crimes and decideculprits to be arrested and prosecuted based on evidence gathered. The Federal Bureau ofInvestigation (FBI) is responsible for upholding law by investigating violations of criminal law.The FBI has investigated violent crimes such as mass shooting and murder. The agency providesinvestigating information to attorneys, who then use the information to press charges againstoffenders. Law enforcement branch work closely with prosecutors to move capital cases alongand sometimes they are called upon to testify before the jury or judges.The U.S. court system is made up of federal, state, and local courts. Courts are placeswhere cases are heard before a judge or a jury. Cases culminating into death penalty are often
Running head: DEATH PENALTY SHOULD NOT BE ABOLISHED11emotional and attracts intense public interest. Judges use their knowledge of the law to ensurecapital cases are heard under just and fair circumstances. The law presumes accused personsinnocent until proven guilty. The prosecutors have the onus of proving the guilt of the accusedbeyond any reasonable doubt. The defense attorneys work to counter the argument and evidencepresented by prosecutors with an aim of proving existence of reasonable doubt of the guilt of theaccused. The corrections branch of the criminal justice system works to safeguard societies byexecuting judge’s sentence. In the context of death penalty, corrections serve as a place whereoffenders stay on death row. As indicated in prison statistics earlier, the 23 people executed in2017 had on average remained on death row for 20 years. Bohm (2016) defines death row as adedicated placement in a prison where inmates awaiting execution after being convicted of acapital crime are housed.Deterrence TheoryDeterrence plays a critical role in attaining the end goal of punishment. The idea ofdeterrence impact of capital punishment is hotly debated by pro- and anti-death penalty. As persome jurists and theorists, death penalty deter heinous crime, but to some, it does not. Deterrencefalls into three classes: general deterrent effect, specific deterrence, and incapacitation. Generaldeterrent effect states that punishing one offender discourages another from committing similarcrimes. In other words, sentencing rapists, mass shooters, and terrorists to death penalty woulddiscourage other people from committing similar crimes. Specific deterrence states that offenderwill decide against repeat offending after experiencing punishment for that offense (Walia,2013). Unfortunately, death penalty does not result in specific deterrence since the offender is putto death. Incapacitation is where an offender is isolated to protect society. Death penalty resultsin permanent incapacitation since an offender is annihilated from society and life. The efficiency

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 19 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture