In all states and territories except queensland

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In all states and territories except Queensland, persons remanded or sentenced to adultcustody are aged 18 years and over. In Queensland, an adult refers to persons aged 17 yearsand over31.Nationally at 30 June 2013, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment ratewas 2039.5 per 100 000 adult population, an increase of around one-third from the rate in2000 (1433.5 per 100 000 adult population) (table 4A.12.3). Prisoner data reported byState and Territory, by Indigenous status and by sex are available in tables 4A.12.1–5.At 30 June 2013, the imprisonment rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males(3765.1 per 100 000 adult males) was over 10 times the rate for Aboriginal and TorresStrait Islander females (365.9 per 100 000 adult females). However, the femaleimprisonment rate is growing faster (a 73.7 per cent increase since 2000, compared with a38.6 per cent increase for males) (figure 4.12.1).31Prior to 2006 in Victoria, an adult referred to persons aged 17 years and over. Prior to 2000 in Tasmania,an adult referred to persons aged 17 years and over. In Queensland, adult continues to refer to personsaged 17 years and over. Individual State and Territory data and national data reflect the age scope thatapplied to these jurisdictions in the relevant years.4.116OVERCOMING INDIGENOUS DISADVANTAGE 2014
Figure 4.12.1Indigenous adult imprisonment rate, by sex, at 30 June, 2000 to 2013aaRates for all years are calculated using population data based on the 2011 Census.Sources: ABS various years, Prisoners in Australia, Cat. no. 4517.0; ABS 2014, Estimates andProjections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 to 2026,Cat. no. 3238.0; table 4A.12.3.COAG TARGETS AND HEADLINE INDICATORS4.117
Figure 4.12.2Adult imprisonment rate, at 30 June, 2000 to 2013a,baRates for all years are calculated using population data based on the 2011 Census.bData are agestandardised.Source: ABS (unpublished) Prisoners in Australia collection; table 4A.12.4.Although Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults make up only 2.3 per cent of theAustralian adult population (table 5A.2.4), they accounted for 27.4 per cent of all prisonerson 30 June 2013 (table 4A.12.5). After adjusting for differences in population agestructures, the rate of imprisonment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults was13 times the rate for non-Indigenous adults (figure 4.12.2). Between 2000 and 2013, the rate of imprisonment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanderadults increased by 57.4 per cent while the non-Indigenous rate remained fairly constant,leading to a widening of the gap (from 8.5 to 13.0 times the rate for non-Indigenous adults)(figure 4.12.2).In 2013, the difference between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenousrates varied across states and territories, though all states and territories recorded increasedrates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults between 2000 and 2013(table 4A.12.4).

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