education, climate change, lack of infrastructure, limited capacity of the government, and lack of reserves (The top 9 causes of global poverty, 2019, n.p.). Discrimination by individuals and institutional discrimination influence social inequality negatively. Discrimination, Inequality, and Poverty-A Human Rights Perspective say, “Discrimination can both cause poverty and be a hurdle in alleviating poverty” (2017, n.p.). Social inequality is influenced by individual discrimination when individuals are stereotyped because of their race/ethnicity, and through hate crimes. De Jong & Jong wrote, “Socially marginalized groups in society tend to be the most likely targets of discriminatory practices” (2008, n.p.). Institutional discrimination continues to influence social inequality because at times there is no justice for the hate crimes and those who are responsible for committing the crimes get away with their crimes (De Jong & Jong, 2008, n.p.). De Jong & Jong wrote, “Other examples of institutionalized discrimination include the enactment of laws barring Native Americans from owning land (1898 Curtis Act), the disenfranchisement of African Americans from voting (until the enactment of the 1965 Voting Rights Act), the barring of Chinese from entering the country (1882 Chinese Exclusion Act), or the classification of Japanese Americans
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