attackers at the clashes of Resaca de la Palma and Palo Alto. Due to the clashes, Polk said to the United States Congress that the forbearance cup had already been drained before Mexico had crossed the United States boundary, invaded their territories and shaded the blood of Americans upon their soils. After two days, the congress announced war regardless of resistance from some lawmakers from the north. However, Mexico did not make any official declaration of war. During this time only around seventy-five thousand citizens were living in the northern regions of Rio Grande. Consequently, the United States forces under the leadership of Commodore Robert and Col. Kearny were in a position to triumph over those areas with negligible confrontation. Due to the losses that were adding up, Mexico engaged General Antonio Santa Ann. He was a strong and charismatic man who had been exiled in Cuba for some considerable time. He was in a position to convince Polk that when given the opportunity to get back to Mexico, he would terminate the clashes on terms that would favor the US. On his arrival, he went against Polk by taking over the Mexican military. He, therefore, led the army to the battle. At the Buena Vista battle that took place in 1847, Antonio Lopez faced heavy fatalities forcing him to surrender. However, he assumed the presidency of Mexico in the succeeding month regardless of the losses that he incurred. In the interim, American troops under the leadership of Scott Winfield descended Veracruz taking over the entire city from where they matched heading to the city of Mexico. They were using the same route which was used by Hernan Cortes as he was invading the empire of Aztec. The Mexicans tried to resist at Cerro Gordo and somewhere else although were always outdone. Chapultepec Castle was effectively under siege in September 1847 by Scott. In the course of the clashes, Ninos Heroes which was a military group of school cadets allegedly committed suicide instead of surrendering. The Mexican-American war was ended by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The United States supply lines were on continuous Guerilla attacks with all the purposes and intents being directed at ending the war. Consequently, Santa Ann made a resignation from the presidency as the US waited for the formation of a new government that could steer up benevolent negotiations. As a final point, the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty was signed in February 1848 whereby the Rio Grande, as opposed to the Nueces River, was
established as the Mexican-United States boundary. Following the signed treaty, Mexico was in a position to recognize the United States annexation of Texas whereby Mexico approved the sale of California including the rest of its territories to the northern part of the Rio Grande to the US at $15 million, plus other assumptions on various destruction claims.
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- Summer '18
- Brett Gordon
- The Land