George grenvillesugar act 1764 grenville did not want

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George Grenville/Sugar Act (1764)– Grenville did not want to tax the colonists. The sugar Act lowered tax on molasses and discouraged smuggling. If you carried sugar you had to have a cargo list. Comes at a time of economic depression. Impacts abilities to buy British goods. Stamp Act (1765)/Declaratory Act– The stamp act was a direct tax. The act required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paperproduced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. Had to be payed with British currency. The Declaratory Actwas a declaration by the British Parliamentin 1766 which accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act of 1765. The government repealed the Stamp Act because boycotts were hurting British trade and used the declaration to justify the repeal. Patrick Henry– Proposes that since Americans had no representatives, this stamp act is invalid. Charles Townshend– created Townshend acts. Taxed indirectly… on glass, tea… This tax payed for saleries of governors. Direct vs. Indirect taxation - Thomas Hutchinson– hated. Loyal governor of bostonGeneral Thomas Gage– Arrives in boston to regain orderBoston Massacre/John Adams– Thomas Prerton decides to rescue a private who is taunted. 5 americans die. Thousands wanted vingence on Preston. John Adams defends Capt. Preston feels every Englishmen deserves a fair trial. He was found not guilty. Samuel Adams/Sons of Liberty– advertised and defended tea party. Hate Thomas Hutchinson. Sam Adams pursues coarse of action against governor/tea act. Pressure merchants to give up commission. Made it so that if a ship arrives with tea that it not unload. Tea Act (1773)/Boston Tea Party– Tea Act made to bail out East India Company. Gave East India a monopoly on tea. Arroused great opposition from America. An interpretation said it was an eliminating tax but this was not true. Anyone who imports tea from East India company is a traitor. Sam Adams initiates Boston Tea party in which they destroyed the tea from Darkmouth. Sam adams published/defended/ said only option for colonists to defend constitutional rights.Intolerable, or Coercive Acts- In December 1773, a group of colonists destroyed tons of tea in Boston,Massachusetts, that had been taxed without their consent, an act that came to be known as the Boston Tea Party. News of the event reached England in January 1774. Parliament responded with a series of acts that were intended to punish Boston for this destruction of private property, restore British authority in Massachusetts, and otherwise reform colonial government in America.First/Second Continental CongressesJoseph Galloway- Galloway was throughout his career a British-American nationalist, believing that the British Empire offered a citizen greater liberties than any nation on earth. He believed that most Americans would prefer to remain loyal to the Crown if only they were given a legitimate and effective government that would inspire their © 2011 Richard D. Driver[email protected]
HIST-2300: History of the United States to 1877Texas Tech University

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