punish people for mere political criticism. The Republicans through Thomas Jefferson and James Madison responded through the Kentuckyand Virginia Resolutions as a fragrant and unconstitutional invasion of the rights of individuals and states.The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions advanced the following ideas:a.The nature of the relationship between the federal and state government was a compact. The federal government’s power was limited by that compact (Constitution). The states had the right if the federal government deliberately exercised powers not granted by that compact, to interposition.b.Moreover, the states had the final power to interpret the Constitution.The resolutions unsuccessfully asked the other states to join in advancing the resolutions. However, the Democratic Republicans (name now used) would respond effectively in the 1800 presidential election.Notes 3/18/19-America was not efficient or scientific but moving towards greater science (agricultural)-South intense effort to find a solution to the production of cotton. -Only problem with cotton was only found in (South Carolina, Georgia). The cotton that Americans grew was Short staple cotton (abundance) only problem was time and labor sensitive to separate fiber from seed. Was not high-quality cotton. -1792 Eli Whitney (graduate of Yale University) was asked to visit South. To look at the problemof separating short staple cotton. He creates the cotton gin. The cotton gin has a profound impact of American history. With the use of the cotton gin it made it into the new “gold” did not have to use labor intensive means. -By 1830 in the South and long staple cotton became identical with cotton gin. They pushed the Cherokee out of Georgia. Other slave states follow Alabama, Tenn, Missip and Texas. Cotton becomes Americas first GLOBAL Commodity. Became sought after not only in America but countries everywhere. Becomes a part of the first Industrial Revolution. -The Native Americans are pushed out of their areas.
3-1791 there were only 400 bails of cotton produced due to the difficulty of separating. 1810 200,000 bails were produced due to the cotton gin. Most profound economic factor between the election of the presidents (Washington & Jefferson). - Philadelphia had paved streets and lighting and the beginning of a safe water supply (city). Only 3 % lived in 6 towns of more than 8,000 people. Americans were still scattered all over the place. -Most Wealthy people lived in brick buildings. Really wealthy were able to afford glass windows. Most people lived in wood homes, and did not have windows (paper that was oiled andpressed that you could see light through). -Sanitation was primitive. Each summer there was an outbreak of malaria or yellow fever. For instance, in Philadelphia, they had to be evacuated 10% of the population died form yellow fever.The diseases had not been diagnosed by doctors they did not treat them. When people became sick, they often used purging and leeching (to suck out bad blood) & bleeding people up to the 1870’s. -Communication was poor. There were few roads. The best form of transportation: water. By 1800 the first private turn pike (pay a fee). First state to charge for a turnpike was in Virginia little river.