Negotiation Forums were then established throughout the country around 1993

Negotiation forums were then established throughout

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Negotiation Forums were then established throughout the country around 1993, that paved a way for the proclamation of the Local Government Transition Act, (LGTA, 1993). The Act was merely aimed at charting the way forward for the local government transition towards a new order of uniting and sharing resources between black and white administrations through a common budget and fair decision-making process towards equitable resource distribution and not necessarily to dictate the new system of local government post democratic elections as it holds today. (White Paper, 1998; LGTAS, 2009; SLGR, 2009; Koma, 2012, COGTA, 2014; Salga; 2016). According to Koma (2010) the LGTA proposed three phases for the transition. The First Phase had to deal with the negotiations through the forums, to put new formations and acceptable negotiated rules and practices to lay ground for the second phase. Second Phase dealt with the election of transitional local councils, where black and white administrations were merged characterized by proportional representations in the executive committees that had powers and functions to take decisions of administrative nature and report to full councils for ratification. Powell (2012) posits that it is important to note that transitional councils were established around 1995, in the new democratic administrative 10
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order of the first democratic President, Mr Mandela’s Government. It was during this time that high level negotiations were in progress through the development of the White Paper on Local Government (WPLG), which envisaged a policy framework and dispensation of the new order of local government as we know it today. Other local government legislations were developed alongside, such as the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act which was promulgated the same year with the policy in 1998 and later the Municipal Systems Act was proclaimed in 2000. (Ngubane, 2005; SLGR, 2009; Koma, 2012; Powell, 2012) The WPLG introduced a new concept of developmental local government, which took the transition into its final third and last Phase with the democratic elections in 2000. The local government 2000 elections were envisaged for the first time to put in place local government structures envisaged in Section 152(1)(a-e) of the Constitution of the Republic (RSA, 1996) and the developmental local governments that were proposed through the WPLG. Powell (2012) argues it appears that the transition was an “imperfect process” in that it was pushed with some haste where a number of deficiencies were disregarded, especially the former homeland governments that had no practical experience in running local governments, let alone the constraints with tax-base for revenue generation. Councillors from most black towns elected in councils had little capacity perform their functions and exercise their powers and there was a series of wrong appointments in senior positions through political deployments, as a result of the scrapping of the Professional Town clerks Act, without any replacement. (May, Steytler, & de Visser, 2014; Craythorne, 2006;
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