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should also attempt to resolve some specific issues that are identified as major public health concerns specific to conflict zones, such as sexual violence, which has been discussed in this study guide. As a recommendation for further research, delegates are recommended to take advantage of the various online resources that the U.N. has to offer, including past resolutions and Secretary-General reports. Again, the possible solutions outlined below are not intended to be conclusive, and the dais looks forward to seeing more creative solutions emerge after the committee’s discussion.The first issue that urgently needs to be addressed is the safety and well-being of the healthcare personnel themselves. Acts of violence, attacks and threats against humanitarian personnel engaged in medical duties and their means of transport were not uncommon.138In addition, hospitals and medical facilities are also subject to attacks, creating a safety concern for the healthcare workers, who are already tasked with the challenge of taking care of large number of patients in conflict zones. While the Geneva Conventions have included articles that address the protection of healthcare facilities, they have proven inadequate in domestic conflicts, where parties engaged in the conflict are not national governments that have ratified the Geneva Conventions.139Therefore, a possible solution is for the World Health Organization to work with other bodies of the United Nations as well as the government to ensure that the domestic legal framework has included sanction against obstruction, threats and physical attacks on medical personnel, their means of transport, and medical facilities. While such a solution can extend protection to healthcare workers regardless of the type of conflict they are in, the solution may prove to be too difficult to achieve as it requires extensive efforts that do not usually fall into the primary role of the World Health Organization. Another solution that can provide effective protection to healthcare workers is for the World Health Organization to provide easily recognizable signs to medical facilities and create safe spaces to provide health care to those in need. In addition, once the World Health Organization verifies the credentials of a particular spot, the organization can flag its geographical location as a safe spot on a database shared by members of the organization. The geographical marking, in addition to the physical signs distributed by the World Health Organization, can each serve its distinct purpose. First, the signs can be considered as a means of deterrence for attackers. If they insist on conducting an attack on a facility that is clearly marked as a healthcare facility by the bearing of the WHO sign, then the attackers will be subject to strict sanctions and must bear the severe consequence that comes with committing a serious war crime. Secondly, the geographical marking can serve as a means to prevent military forces from 138 “Mexico.”139 Staff, “Geneva Conventions.”
40WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATIONMUNUC XXIXbombing a healthcare facility by accident. Tragedies such as the United States Air Force misguided attack