Must be in a state of grace (no mortal sins) Protestants simply reenact it: it is more symbolic for them, they don’t believe it actually does anything. Orthodox actually does have all valid sacraments. Genuflecting before the monstrance; only makes sense if it IS God. Otherwise we are committing idolatry to bread. Theologically receiving both the body and blood does not add anything; same with a bigger or smaller host- it is all truly God, you cannot divide Christ. o If you only receive one or the other, you still receive God. The ability to receive in the hands is an exception to the universal law of receiving on the tongue. Allowed but not encouraged, and could be reversed anytime. It’s an indult (temporary exception). A priest can refuse to give you communion on the hands but not the tongue. Receiving in the hands contributes to the loss of the sense of how sacred this sacrament is. Satanists actually believe in the real presence. If the priest watered down the wine too much it would be invalid. -Holy Orders Three degrees: o Deacon o Priest o Bishop The only Sacrament where ONLY a bishop can celebrate it. Bishop is the only person who can celebrate ALL seven sacraments They’re called the clergy, we’re called the laity. -Three Sacraments that confer Sacramental characters: *Character- a permanent configuration to Christ in a certain way. This takes place in a person’s soul. Baptism o This is why if you are validly baptized you cannot receive Baptism again Confirmation o Only confirmed once. o To strengthen our resolve to live the Christian life that we became a part of at Baptism . Holy Orders o Ordained this can never be undone or removed. o The power of the priesthood is not conferred by the Church but by God. o Two most important jobs of a priest: To offer sacrifice (celebrate mass) To absolve sinners (confession) Second point included in the first: pinnacle of mass is the eucharist in order to receive the eucharist you must be Catholic and in sanctifying grace confession is needed o Only men can receive Holy orders
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