The One is Brahman described as the universal cosmic soul or the ultimate all

The one is brahman described as the universal cosmic

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-The One is Brahman, described as the universal cosmic soul or the ultimate all-pervading reality. Everything comes from Brahman, everything is held in existence by Brahman, and ultimately everything dissolves back into Brahman.AUM -Hindus use a special sound to represent Brahman. This is the sacred sound AUM, sometimes spelt OM. AUM is pronounced a bit like ‘home’ without the ‘h’. The sound is represented by a symbol that is seen everywhere in Hinduism.-AUM is not a word. It does not have a meaning. It is purely a sound. According to Hindu scriptures, AUM is the sound of creation and it brought the entire universe into being (see c) Hindu creation stories below).-Hindus believe that by chanting the AUM sound, they are elevated into a higher spiritual state. Many mantras begin with the sound AUM and it is chanted as a mantra in itself. It starts with the ‘aaah’ sound resonating in the chest. The ‘oooh’ sound resonates in the voice box in the throat. The ‘mmm’ sound resonates in the nasal cavity. So it is that the sound literally wells up inside the person. At the same time, the mouth goes from wide open (‘aaah’), to half open with pursed lips (‘oooh’), to closed (‘mmm’).-The three distinct sounds are associated with different states of existence. ‘A’ represents the creative power of Brahma; ‘U’ represents the sustaining power of Vishnu; ‘M’ represents the destructive power of Shiva (see section on the Trimurti below).-For many Hindus, AUM is the first sound that they hear when they are born. AUM is sometimes written on a baby’s tongue with a golden pen dippedin honey.-AUM is whispered into a dead person’s ear before the funeral pyre is lit.2
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Essex scheme of work for RE at Key Stage 2HINDUISM - BRAHMAN, THE TRIMURTI AND CREATION STORIESa) Brahman and the AUM symbolKey questionsrelated to AT1(learning about religion) and AT2 (learning form religion)Suggested activities(the initials KLE indicate that this is one of the ‘key learning experiences’ listed on page 87 of exploRE)Links with ‘aspects of experience’(see exploREpages 86-87)Linkswith other religions/curriculumareas/initiatives/etcAT1- What do Hindus mean by ‘Brahman’?- How is it that Hindus worship many different gods and goddesses while believing in just one god?- Locate India on a world map and explain that most people who live in Indiaare Hindus. Explain that many British people of Indian heritage are Hindus.- Ask the children to create a mind map recording what they already know about Hindu gods, especially Brahman and Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. This can be kept to demonstrate progress in understanding throughout the unit.- How many gods and goddesses do Hindus believe in?Show pictures or shrine figures of a variety of Hindu deities. Explain that Hindus ultimately believe in only one god: Brahman. The many different gods and goddesses display different aspects of the One. KLE- Explain that Christians believe in one God, but they also refer to God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This is similar to Hindu beliefs. KLE
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