While the legislature has the power to override the

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While the legislature has the power to override the line-item veto bya two third majority of each house, the fact the legislature has adjourned by the time the governor vetoes items makes an overrideimpossiblej.Just the threat of a line-item veto is used by the governor as a bargaining tool to gain concessions or win support otherwise not forthcomingC. THE GOVERNOR’S LEGISLATIVE POWERSa.The line-item veto can be viewed as either a budgetary or legislative powerb.The governor has the power of a general vetoof any bill passed bythe legislaturec.Although the veto can be overridden by a two-thirds majority of each house, legislative overrides are extremely rare because most important bills reach the governors desk during the final week of thesessiond.Since the governor has 10 days to sign a bill with the legislature in session (and 20 days when the legislature is not in session), the governor simply waits until the legislature has adjourned to veto those bills he or she opposes and the legislature has no opportunityfor an override votee.Two statistics reveal how rare veto overrides are(1)From 1876 to 1968, only 25 of 936 vetoes were overridden(2) The only veto overridden in the last 40 years was in 1979 when Governor Clements had a veto of an insignificant bill overridden (the bill would have limited the ability of county governments to prohibit hunters from killing female deer)f.Thus, the governor’s threat to veto a bill is a strong bargainingtool to “convince” the legislature to amend the bill and make itmore acceptable to the governorg.The special session power: The governor has the power to call a special session that can last up to 30 days. The governor sets the agenda for the special session (the issues that can be considered.) The legislature can only consider those legislative issues put on thespecial session agenda by the governor. This can be used as a bargaining tool to help the governor get support for bills of 73
Texas Government 2306—Unit 6 lecture notesimportance to him/her. There is no limit on the number of special sessions the governor can call although a governor is reluctant to call too many because they cost about $500,000 each.h.The message power:The governor is required by the Texas constitution to give a State of the State message at the beginning ofeach legislative session (January of odd-numbered years)i.This message includes the outline for the governor’s legislative program.j.This allows the governor to use the visibility of his office to focus public attention bills that otherwise might not receive much attentionfrom the public, the media, or the legislatureD. THE GOVERNOR’S JUDICIAL POWERSa.Due to the abuse of the pardoning power by Governor Miriam Ferguson (1933-35), the governor's judicial powers were weakenedb.A state Pardons and Paroles Board, appointed by the governor, must recommend any action for the governor to take the action (thegovernor does not have to follow the recommendation)c.

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