Dif moderate obj 122b msc applying not apa goal 1

Info icon This preview shows pages 23–25. Sign up to view the full content.

DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 7. a. Describe what an objective measure is and provide an example. b. What approach to personality would be most likely to use this type of measure? c. What is a weakness of this type of measure? ANS: Suggested answer: A. An objective measure is a direct assessment of personality that does not assume unconscious influences. It is usually based on information gathered through self- report questionnaires or observer ratings. B. Objective measures are most typically used by the trait approach to personality. An example of an objective measure would be the NEO Personality Inventory or the EAR electronically activated record. C. A weakness of these tests is that they require people to make subjective judgments about themselves and self-reports can be affected by the desire to avoid looking bad and by the desire to view oneself in a good light. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 8. a. Name and describe the three levels of consciousness. b. Provide an example of the type of information at each level. ANS: Suggested answer:
Image of page 23

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

A. The conscious level of our mental activity consists of the thoughts that we are aware of. The preconscious level consists of content that is not currently in our awareness but that could be brought to awareness. This level is roughly analogous to long-term memory. The unconscious level contains material that the mind cannot easily retrieve. B. Examples will vary. DIF: Easy OBJ: 12.2d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 4, Communication 9. Adrienne is stubborn and highly regulating. Everything has to be just the way she likes it or she is not happy. a. How would the psychodynamic approach explain her personality? b. How would a Big Five trait theorist explain her personality? ANS: Suggested answer: A. According to the psychodynamic approach, Adrienne would be thought to have an anal-retentive personality, resulting from a fixation at the anal phase of psychosexual development. This fixation might have come from overly strict toilet training or excessively rule-based child rearing. B. A Big Five trait theorist would say that Adrienne is low on openness to experience (arguments could be made for low on agreeableness, and/or high on neuroticism). DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2d MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 10. a. Explain the purpose of defense mechanisms. b. Pick two defense mechanisms, define, and provide an example of each.
Image of page 24
Image of page 25
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern