that palpably was an assertion, not, as Professor Cole oddly spins it, a "conce[ssion]." Yes, the wall was unnecessarily erected by the courts and the Justice Department. But that it was a mistake did not make it any less real. And that there may have been cultural impediments to intelligence sharing does not mean the structural ones manufactured by the wall were not critical.
Aff AT: T-Domestic
2ACWe meet—repealing SSRA curtails domestic surveillanceButtar 13 (Shahid, a constitutional lawyer, grassroots organizer and executive director of the Bill of Rights Defense Committee. “USA vs. NSA: Legislative Efforts to Curtail Spying” -nsa-vs-usa 8/14/13 crc)Thesustained grass-roots uproar over domestic surveillance has reached the ear of Congress, which is considering more than a dozen legislative measures to curtail the National Security Agency's various programs that spy on Americans en masse. While most address merely the pieces of the problem, one in particular would address the many facets hidden even in the wake of the Snowden leaks.¶Even relative to the Leahy and Conyers-Amash proposals, the widest-ranging bill among those pending in Congress is the "Surveillance State Repeal Act" (HR 2818) introduced by Rep. Rush Holt, D-New Jersey, a former Princeton physics professor and former leader of the House Intelligence Committee.The Holt bill, unlike any of the other measures proposed, would fully repeal the Patriot Act and the 2008 FISA amendments in their entirety, essentially restoring limits on executive power and unwinding the surveillance abuses of the George W. Bush and Obama administrations at once.¶The first two enjoy bipartisan support: the "FISA Accountability and Privacy Protection Act" (SB 1215), introduced by Senate Judiciary Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vermont, as well as the Libert-E Act (HR 2399), co-sponsored by Reps. John Conyers, D-MI, and Justin Amash, R-MI. Both bills would curtail powers extended in the FISA amendments of 2008, as well as portions of the Patriot Act.The FISA amendment act pertains to domestic surveillanceCato institute 12- (“The Surveillance Iceberg: The FISA Amendments Act and Mass Spying without Accountability”) -without-accountabilityHistory teaches that government spying is naturally subject to abuse without strong oversight, yet only the tiniest fraction of electronic surveillance of Americans—the tip of a vast and rapidly growing iceberg—is meaningfully visible to Congress, let alone the general public. Under the controversial FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act) Amendments Act of 2008, set to expire at the end of the year, the National Security Agency is empowered to vacuum up the international communications of Americans under sweeping authorizations that dispense with the need for individual warrants. Despite reports of large-scale overcollection of Americans’ e-mails and phone calls, including purely domestic traffic, the NSA