Driving on the Cabot Trail, the ocean suddenly came into view. → As we drove on the Cabot Trail, the ocean suddenly came into view. Speaking before the large audience, Lisa's knees began to knock → Speaking before the large audience, Lisa felt her knees began to lock (Is the Ocean driving on the Cabot Lane? Are Lisa's knees making a speech)
Try this trick for detecting and remedying these dangling modifiers. Misplaced Modifiers Seeing his error too late, the envelope was immediately resealed by Mark.--> Seeing his error too late, Mark immediately resealed the envelope. A wart appeared on my left hand that I want removed. → A wart that I want removed appeared on my left hand. The busy personnel director interviewed only candidates who had excellent computer skills in the morning. → In the morning, the busy personnel director interviewed candidates who had excellent computer skills. Drafting Meaningful Paragraphs From composing sentences, we progress to paragraphs. A paragraph is one or more sentences designated as a separate thought group. Well-constructed paragraphs discuss only one topic. Main sentence that usually, but not always, appears first. Paragraphs are generally composed of three kinds of sentences. Main Sentence – main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentences – illustrates, explains, or strengthens the primary idea. Limit sentence – opposes the primary idea by suggesting a negative or contrasting though; may precede or follow the main sentences. Using the Direct Paragraph Plan to Define, Classify, Illustrate, or Describe Paragraphs arranged in the direct plan begin with the main sentence, followed by supporting sentences. This plan is useful whenever you must define, classify, illustrate, or describe a process. Using the Pivoting Paragraph Plan to Compare and Contrast Paragraphs arranged in the pivoting plan start with a limiting sentence that offers a contrasting or negative idea before delivering the main sentence. Open the paragraph; only then do the main and supporting sentences describing rewards in military service appearance Using the Indirect Paragraph Plan to Explain and Persuade Paragraphs arranged in the indirect plan start with the supporting sentences and conclude with the main sentence. Build a rationale, a foundation of reasons, before hitting the audience with a big idea . In the following example the vice president of a large accounting firm begins by describing the trend toward casual dress and concludes with a recommendation that his firm changes its dress code. Linking Ideas to Build Coherence Paragraphs are coherent when ideas are linked, that is, when one idea leads logically to the next. This involves simply repeating a key expression or using a similar one. Familiar pronouns, such as we, they, he she, and it, help build continuity, as do demonstrative pronouns, such as this, that, these, and those. Be careful with this, that, these, and those, however. These words usually need a noun with them to make their meaning absolutely clear.
- Fall '09
- Business, team members