Losing my job house is flooded micro events traffic

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Losing my job / House is flooded Micro events – traffic, paying school fees, going on a date My rent is due in two days / No warm blanket and clothes The three events are psychosocially connected as they influence each other as well as our perception of them. CSM – 5 Phases Phases are interdependent - occur at the same time as information from our senses is being processed
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CSM – 5 Phases Phase 2 – Performing a primary appraisal Automatically assessed as positive, negative, neutral or ambiguous The feeling experienced is due to psychobiology (feel tense) and psychosocial circumstances (receive praise / criticism) Personality traits - e.g. more likely to view events as positive or negative Community reaction and cultural rules influence our appraisal
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CSM – 5 Phases Phase 3 – Experiencing Stress Physical and psychological arousal experienced e.g. feel physically and emotionally tense If negative feeling occurred in phase 2 we see event as threatening or harmful If positive feeling occurred in phase to we see event as a challenge or opportunity If ambiguous feeling occurred in phase to we have mixed feelings e.g. threat and challenge Threat is not always physical harm, can be emotional or psychological harm e.g. feel rejected, feel trapped, feel bad about ourselves
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CSM – 5 Phases Phase 4 – Performing a secondary appraisal Our appraisal of our ability to cope is a key feature of this stage Event More stressful More positive Can I cope? Explanatory style Psychological hardiness Resourcefulness Ability to deal with conflict Feeling of control Information about the event Pessimistic vs Optimistic Learned helplessness Learned resourcefulness Approach – Approach Want to choose both Least stressful as both lead to positive result Approach - Avoidance One option is both positive and negative Most stressful and hard to choose Need to maximise positive outcome Avoidance - Avoidance Both options negative Stressful and avoid choosing Yes No
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CSM – 5 Phases Phase 5 – Applying Coping Strategies Problem-solving Accept responsibility Think things through Deal with matters Adapt your behaviour in a rational way Avoidance Don’t take responsibility Find excuses and blame others and external factors React emotionally more than rationally Social support Helps you become better equipped to handle stress Tangible support – physical assistance Intangible support – advice Emotional support – encouragement
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Type A – Cardiac Personality Type B – Hardy Personality Strive for success in everything they do Personally committed to self, work, family, values Push themselves hard Sense of control over work and lives Don’t trust others Sees challenges not threats/problems Competitive and achievement oriented Learn from experience Rushing, Impatient, Angry Views life positively Bottle up emotions Openly expresses emotions Heart disease (increased heart rate and blood pressure) Resistant to stress Type A & B Personalities
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