88%(65)57 out of 65 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 24 - 26 out of 41 pages.
5What were the main factors fueling the European age of expansion?aPg15 Need for resources and trade, spread of religious freedom, spreading "freedom" to the Native peoples. The European conquest of America began as an offshoot quest to find a sea route to India, China, and the Islands of the East
Indies. This was to have access to international trade and excluding the Muslim middle man.6Compare and contrast the different economic and political systems of Spain, Portugal, theNetherlands, and France in the age of expansionaSpain and Portugal profited greatly from the slave trade. At least 100,000 African slaves were transported to Spain and Portugal between 1450 and 1500. bIn 1502, the first African slaves were transported to islands in the Caribbean. cSpanish galleons carried gold and silver from Mexico and Peru eastward to Spain and westward to Manila in the Philippines and on to China.dIn Spain, authority originated with the king and flowed downward through the Council of the Indies and then to viceroys in Mexico and Peru and other local officials in America. eFrench Canada was ruled by the Company of New France through a governor- general appointed in Paris. The French worked out a complex series of military, commercial, and diplomatic connections, the most enduring alliances between Indians and settlers in colonial North America. They neither appropriated substantial amounts of Indian land, like the English, nor conquered native inhabitants militarily and set them to forced labor, like the Spanish.fIn the early seventeenth century, the Netherlands dominated international commerce, and Amsterdam was Europe’s foremost shipping and banking center. The small nation had entered a golden age of rapidly accumulating wealth and stunning achievements in painting, philosophy, and the sciences. New Amsterdam, the main population center, was essentially a fortified military outpost controlled by appointees of the West India Company.7Compare political, economic, and religious motivations behind the French and Dutch empires with that of New SpainaFrench and Dutch both had friendly relations with the Indians compared to Spain.