1.What is social theory? (p.23) logically interrelated set of propositions (concepts) about empirical reality. What is the role of theory in the research process? help make connections to general social processes and large bodies of research. 2.What are the major steps of the research process?
a. Identify an issue b. Develop a research question c. Theory d. Deduction e. Hypothesis f. Survey development g. Observations (sampling, data collection, entry, coding) h. Analysis i. Interpret Data j. Inform Others 3.What is deductive research? (p.25-28) type of research in which a specific expectation isdeduced from a general premise and then tested (start with theory then find data) 4.When we say a relationship exist between two variables, what do we mean? One variable actually influences the other. There is a correlation. 5. Why do researchers avoid using the term “proved” or “true” when testing a hypothesis? It is almost impossible to prove a hypothesis. All we can do is disprove it. 6.Why is proving a hypothesis correct hard to do? Unless we were able to test every past, present, and future subject we cannot prove that a hypothesis is correct. 7.What is a dependent variable? (p.27) Variable that changes depending on the independent variable. 8. What is cross-sectional research? (p.31) Study in which data are collected at only ONE point in time. what is longitudinal research? Study in which data are collected TWO or MORE times. what are their major advantages and disadvantages? (p.32-33) cross- sectional: ADV - inexpensive, describes an accurate account at 1 point DIS - don’t directly measure impact of time. Longitudinal: ADV - more accurate DIS - expensive,
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- Fall '08