PREVENT Handwashing for at least 15 seconds with soap and water Before

Prevent handwashing for at least 15 seconds with soap

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PREVENT - Handwashing for at least 15 seconds with soap and water. Before preparing/eating food, after coughing/sneezing, after using the bathroom, after changing a diaper. - Medicines to prevent you from getting infected by germs. Like antibiotics. - Vaccines. SYMPTOMS - Difficulty breathing - Cough lasting more than a week - Fever over 100 degrees - Episodes of rapid heartbeat - Rash - Swelling - Difficulty with seeing - Vomiting INFLAMMATION - Redness - Swelling - Heat - Pain/discomfort 5. Examples of newly emerging microbes. - 2009 H1N1 influenza virus, Ebola virus, H5N1 avian influenza virus, Marburg virus, Multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant TB bacteria, Nipah virus, SARS virus, West Nile virus
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6. Examples of infectious diseases which have been resistant to drug therapy. - TB: multi-drug-resistant - C. difficile: resistant to many common antibiotics. - VRE (Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci): use antibiotic vancomycin to treat Enterococcal infections but VRE are resistant to the drug. - MRSA - Neisseria gonorrhea - CRE (carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae): resistant to most available antibiotics and can be life-threatening. 7. Examples of conditions caused by Group A Streptococci. - Strep throat, Scarlet fever, Necrotizing Fasciitis, Rheumatic fever, Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis 8. Know the signs and symptoms of Alpha-Hemolytic Streptococcal infections. - 9. Know the defense mechanisms the body uses to fight against infections. - Defense: structural barriers including skin and mucous membranes; the inflammatory response; and the immune system which includes innate and acquired immunity. 10. Understand the role of sanitation in reducing diseases and which diseases it has affected. - Transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio and exacerbates stunting. 11. Study Brucellosis, Herpes Simplex virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and Hepatitis C, infectious mononucleosis, malaria, Legionnaire’s disease, diphtheria, Leprosy, Chlamydia. 12. Know the history of AIDS, and how AIDS affects the immune and other body systems.
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- AIDS is the late stage of HIV infection. Most people in US don’t develop AIDS due to taking HIV medicine. Without HIV medicine, people with AIDS usually only survive 3 years. Life expectancy without treatment falls to about 1 year.
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