PREVENT-Handwashing for at least 15 seconds with soap and water. Before preparing/eating food, after coughing/sneezing, after using the bathroom, after changing a diaper.-Medicines to prevent you from getting infected by germs. Like antibiotics.-Vaccines.SYMPTOMS-Difficulty breathing-Cough lasting more than a week-Fever over 100 degrees-Episodes of rapid heartbeat-Rash-Swelling-Difficulty with seeing-VomitingINFLAMMATION-Redness-Swelling-Heat -Pain/discomfort5.Examples of newly emerging microbes.-2009 H1N1 influenza virus, Ebola virus, H5N1 avian influenza virus, Marburg virus, Multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant TB bacteria, Nipah virus, SARS virus, West Nile virus
6.Examples of infectious diseases which have been resistant to drug therapy.-TB: multi-drug-resistant -C. difficile: resistant to many common antibiotics.-VRE (Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci): use antibiotic vancomycin to treat Enterococcal infections but VRE are resistant to the drug.-MRSA-Neisseria gonorrhea-CRE (carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae): resistant to most available antibiotics and can be life-threatening.7.Examples of conditions caused by Group A Streptococci.-Strep throat, Scarlet fever, Necrotizing Fasciitis, Rheumatic fever, Post-Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis8.Know the signs and symptoms of Alpha-Hemolytic Streptococcal infections.-9.Know the defense mechanisms the body uses to fight against infections.-Defense: structural barriers including skin and mucous membranes; the inflammatory response; and the immune system which includes innate and acquired immunity. 10. Understand the role of sanitation in reducing diseases and which diseases it has affected.-Transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio and exacerbates stunting.11. Study Brucellosis, Herpes Simplex virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and Hepatitis C, infectious mononucleosis, malaria, Legionnaire’s disease, diphtheria, Leprosy, Chlamydia.12. Know the history of AIDS, and how AIDS affects the immune and other body systems.
-AIDS is the late stage of HIV infection. Most people in US don’t develop AIDS due to taking HIV medicine. Without HIV medicine, people with AIDS usually only survive 3 years. Life expectancy without treatment falls to about 1 year.