DSST Business Ethics and Society 2

A can be positive or negative b common source of

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a) Can be positive or negative b) Common source of error for the interviewer 96) Reference Groups – groups from which ethics are derived 97) Theft – the majority of US companies use surveillance to monitor employees and prevent theft a) US Chamber of Commerce estimated that businesses lose $40 billion yearly from employee theft b) Surveillance – courts generally rule in favor of the employer when there is a legitimate purpose for monitoring, such as business interest, legal liability,
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98) Monitoring – by 2003- 92% of employers were conducting some form of electronic monitoring of employees a) Videotaping, GPS tracking of cars and cell phones, monitoring of email, chat messages, phone calls and web browsing b) Monitoring email, voice mail and internet use is common practice b.i) By 2001, 47% of companies monitor email, with low cost software 99) Employee Productivity – counting computer mistakes, keystrokes, time taken to complete tasks, and time away from terminals 100) National Treasury Employees Union vs Von Raab – in 1989 – US Supreme Court permitted suspicion less searches where the public need for safety created a compelling need to do so. a) Employees carrying guns are drug tested 101) Privacy Act of 1974 – requires that agencies give public notice of their systems of records by publication in the Federal Register 102) US Patriot Act – in 2001 – was designed to considerably increase the surveillance and investigative powers of local law enforcement agencies a) Lacks normal checks and balances that safeguard civil liberties 103) Nondisclosure Agreement (NDA) – states that individual signing it agrees not to share information regarding the company or its customers, or to use for personal gain a) all must be specific and differentiate the kinds of information to be disclosed to be enforceable b) Three broad Categories of NDA b.i) Bilateral b.ii) Unilateral nondisclosure agreements – most common that prohibit employees from disclosing the company’s proprietary information b.iii) Unilateral with a noncomplete - agreements that limit contractors to whom they may work, when, and where the contractor may work after completing the assignment 104) Industrial Espionage – include breaking and entering to steal documents or other objects, to gathering information through IT systems, to infiltration by temporary staff 105) Proprietary Information – information about a company a competitor might find valuable a) Information related to company finances, research, products and procedures 106) Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA) – of 1988 - banned most private sector use of the lie detector a) Exemptions include: companies which manufacture, distribute or dispense controlled substances as well as businesses under the contract of the Federal Government 107) Advertising – to inform and persuade 108) William Shaw and Vincent Garry - claim there are 4 types if Advertising a) Ambiguous advertising – vague terms like big savings, low payments, - unclear and can be understood in many ways b)
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