Phases of rits or passage which can be applied to

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phases of rits or passage which can be applied to pilgrimage 1. Separation (leaving comfortable place) 2. Liminality (transition phase) 3. Reintegration (reenter daily life and emerged as a new person) - Victor Turner wrote that pilgrimage sites are the “center out there”, the point of pilgrimage is to go out to a far off and unfamiliar place (liminality) Sacred Sites as Destination of Pilgrimage: although there are notions of strictly spiritual of metaphorical pilgrimages in some traditions, pilgrimage is typically a journey to a physical place - While many kinds of places can be the object of pilgrimage, they tend to have what James Preston referred to as “spiritual magnetism” - May be rooted in a site’s association with major spiritual/historical events within a religion, such as Mecca or Jerusalem - May be associated with a particular person (such as the tomb or birthplace of a holy person) - This is the place where their presence is felt most strongly - Miraculous occurrences, and especially visions of holy figures, may establish new pilgrimage sites or enhance existing ones - Pilgrimage demonstrates belief in the power of place, the inherent sacredness and healing energies of specific locations - Records of healing often accumulate at pilgrimage sites, and crutches and other offerings are left as symbols of the site’s power - Some sites are established by the “grassroots”, others by religious authorities and even local politicians - Pilgrimage sites are understood as sites where people can have “authentic” experiences with the divine Pilgrimage and Commercial Development: with pilgrims comes the need for hotels, bars, restaurants, shopping, and other services - Pilgrimage sites are sometimes criticized by strict religious purists for their mix of the sacred with “crass” commercialism - Commerce has always been deeply embedded in the pilgrimage experience Pilgrimage and Water: an important feature of many pilgrimage sites across is a focus on water, as a feature in the landscape as well as a symbol in ritual - Water as a sources of: - Purity - Renewal - Healing Unconventional Pilgrimage: some sites of pilgrimage, such as Varanasi or Mecca, are tied to established religions, while others are unconnected to formal religious traditions - Without being explicitly religious, some tourist sites or festivals can take on the qualities of pilgrimage - Ritual - Collective experience
- Potential to be transformative - Meaning beyond oneself Religion: a set of beliefs (and associated activities) that facilitates an appreciation and understanding of our place in the world and acts to unify - One of the fundamental ways (like language) that cultural groups distinguish themselves from one another - Universality: a degree of universality exists about religion → basic human/cultural need - Religious Laws/Beliefs Govern: diet, dress, roles of men/women, laws, education system, lifestyles - Ex. consider Ontario → public holidays (Christmas and Easter) affect everyone’s lifestyle -

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