P1 (c). The Monsanto had appealed patent on its products, it did not anticipate the farmers to interfere with its developments. It was one the first companies to apply for the biotechnology industry business model in agriculture. Theory of Individualism. P1 (d). Farmers fight Monsanto by circumventing to buy seeds and other crops which are associated with the company. Theory of Moral Realism . P1 (e). “Seed Hunters” is the technique which is used to find seeds that may help save the world from its crisis of food shortages which have been brought about by human-induced climate change. Prompt Two. P2. Substantial Equivalence Theory holds on the concept safety on new foods, particularly those which have been genetically modified. It is therefore the initial step during the establishment of toxicological and nutritional differences in the new foods compared to conventional counterparts. It has been faced with some ethical issues as why it holds research on the foods yet it had been established that GM foods are not fit for human consumption (Pérez- Escamilla, 2012) . The assessment process include; substantial equivalence analysis, toxicology and nutritional analysis, toxicology and nutritional evaluation, and final safety analysis of the
Topic Paper 2 Monsanto 4 GM plant. Theory of Normative Ethics has been used to ensure that the food production is normalized. Question Three. P3.The revolving door comprises the movement of a staff between roles as legislator and regulator of the industries which are affected by the regulations and legislation. These roles can be performed in sequence while at times at the same time (Pérez-Escamilla, 2012) . This can lead to development of unhealthy relationship between the government and the private sector. Theory of Egoism is involved in this situation since such employer do not bother about the potential outcomes of his act but only for self-interest. Prompt Four. P4.Genetic pollution denotes to the spread of the transformed genes from genetically engineered organism to other, non-engineered organisms through cross-breeding. P4 (a). Government of Mexico had established that transgenic maize had been growing within the borders of the country and has led to adulteration of the wild varieties (Parvatha Reddy, 2015) . This came into action despite the ban by the government on GM crops. This could be confirmed by scientists that the DNA from the GM maize had been found in wild varieties. Pragmatism Theory can be used to describe this situation as it involved the scientific of making decision. P4 (b).Results of Dr. Ignacio Chapela’s and Dr. Jorge Soberon’s research showed that the organization behind the GM development was determined to push its products into the countries around the world and also determined to destroy the reputation of anyone who stands on their way. Act Utilitarianism Theory can be used to describe this situation.
- Spring '15
- Genetically modified organism, topic paper, GM crops