For example ethical absolutism will always categorise lying as unethical no

For example ethical absolutism will always categorise

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the doer of the actions are not considered. For example, ethical absolutism will always categorise lying as unethical no matter the consequence or the reason behind the lying. Ethical relativism, ethical absolutism and ethical objectivism are different moral concepts. Ethical objectivism holds that what is right or wrong does not depend on the opinion or
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5 custom of an ethnic group. Ethical relativism states that what is right or wrong is defined by an ethnic group. Finally, ethical absolutism draws a line that distinguishes between what is morally wrong or right. Ethical relativism is a reasonable ethical theory. Of the three theories: Ethical relativism, ethical absolutism and ethical objectivism, it is the only one that takes into account the different nature and beliefs of the different cultural/ethnic groups. Different groups of people will have different beliefs, and it, therefore, does not make sense expecting them to behave in the same way and have the same ethical beliefs. The level at which different items are valued in different communities are different, and they will treat these items in different ways. For instance, in India, Cows are regarded as righteous animals. There they are treated with high esteem. The same cows, in the American culture, are viewed as animals for dairy and beef. It is only ethical relativism that takes into account the different ways different cultural groups value different items and animals hence treating them differently. Ethical relativism calls for appreciation of each other’s cultures and beliefs since they are all equally important. Every cultural/ethnic group will want to safeguard their culture and pass it to their forthcoming generations. Therefore, it is only through appreciation of each other’s culture that a peaceful co-existence can be maintained. To conclude, ethics is a field in philosophy which deals with the study of what cultural groups view as right and wrong. In ethics, there are several theories which have been brought up to explain and distinguish moral and immoral actions in the society. Ethical relativism, ethical absolutism and ethical objectivism are different moral concepts. Ethical objectivism holds that what is right or wrong does not depend on the opinion or custom of an ethnic group. Ethical relativism affirms that what is right or wrong is defined by an ethnic group. Finally, ethical absolutism draws a line that distinguishes between what is morally wrong or right.
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6 Works Cited Bowie, R. (2004). Ethical studies . Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. Paul, E. F., Miller, F. D., & Paul, J. (2008). Objectivism, subjectivism, and relativism in ethics . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Shomali, M. A. (2001). Ethical relativism: An analysis of the foundations of morality . London: Islamic College for Advanced Studies Press.
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  • Fall '08
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  • Ethics, ethical relativism

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