the doer of the actions are not considered. For example, ethical absolutism will alwayscategorise lying as unethical no matter the consequence or the reason behind the lying.Ethical relativism, ethical absolutism and ethical objectivism are different moral concepts.Ethical objectivism holds that what is right or wrong does not depend on the opinion or
5custom of an ethnic group. Ethical relativism states that what is right or wrong is defined byan ethnic group. Finally, ethical absolutism draws a line that distinguishes between what ismorally wrong or right.Ethical relativism is a reasonable ethical theory. Of the three theories: Ethicalrelativism, ethical absolutism and ethical objectivism, it is the only one that takes intoaccount the different nature and beliefs of the different cultural/ethnic groups. Differentgroups of people will have different beliefs, and it, therefore, does not make sense expectingthem to behave in the same way and have the same ethical beliefs. The level at whichdifferent items are valued in different communities are different, and they will treat theseitems in different ways. For instance, in India, Cows are regarded as righteous animals. Therethey are treated with high esteem. The same cows, in the American culture, are viewed asanimals for dairy and beef. It is only ethical relativism that takes into account the differentways different cultural groups value different items and animals hence treating themdifferently. Ethical relativism calls for appreciation of each other’s cultures and beliefs sincethey are all equally important. Every cultural/ethnic group will want to safeguard their cultureand pass it to their forthcoming generations. Therefore, it is only through appreciation of eachother’s culture that a peaceful co-existence can be maintained.To conclude, ethics is a field in philosophy which deals with the study of whatcultural groups view as right and wrong. In ethics, there are several theories which have beenbrought up to explain and distinguish moral and immoral actions in the society. Ethicalrelativism, ethical absolutism and ethical objectivism are different moral concepts. Ethicalobjectivism holds that what is right or wrong does not depend on the opinion or custom of anethnic group. Ethical relativism affirms that what is right or wrong is defined by an ethnicgroup. Finally, ethical absolutism draws a line that distinguishes between what is morallywrong or right.
6Works CitedBowie, R. (2004). Ethical studies. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.Paul, E. F., Miller, F. D., & Paul, J. (2008). Objectivism, subjectivism, and relativism in ethics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Shomali, M. A. (2001). Ethical relativism: An analysis of the foundations of morality. London: Islamic College for Advanced Studies Press.