The three primary agents of socialization people and

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The Three Primary Agents of Socialization People and groups who pass on culture through interacting within the context of social institutions #1 - Parents #2 - Peers #3 - Schools OTHER AGENTS – secondary influences Technology Mass media Religion Opinions, outside views, news, etc.
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Elements of the Social Structure Status Definition: “…any position in a social structure that determines where a person fits in society.” Role: “how he or she is expected to act and relate to others.” A RECOGNIZED SOCIAL POSITION THAT AN INDIVIDUAL OCCUPIES STATUS SET ALL THE STATUSES HELD AT ONE TIME DANCE PARTNER BOSS FRIEND HARLEY CLUB MEMBER SPORTS PARTICIPANT BUSINESSMAN Types of Statuses *Ascribed status --“A social position assigned to a person at birth or at a later stage in the life cycle.” *Achieved status-- “A social position that a person attains through personal effort.” “MASTER STATUS” THE STATUS THAT SEEMS TO DEFINE A PERSON ALSO, A PERSON’S “ MASTER STATUS ” CAN EITHER WORK IN FAVOR, OR AGAINST A PERSON. EXAMPLE: PERSONS WHO ARE INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED Role Roles are “the behavioral expectations attached to statuses occupied by individuals in a given society.”
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ROLES DEMAND A PERSON’S TIME AND ENERGY ROLE CONFLICT INVOLVES TWO OR MORE STATUSES EXAMPLE: CONFLICT BETWEEN ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF A POLICE OFFICER WHO CATCHES HER OWN SON USING DRUGS AT HOME – MOTHER AND POLICE OFFICER ROLE STRAIN INVOLVES A SINGLE STATUS EXAMPLE: MANAGER WHO TRIES TO BALANCE CONCERN FOR WORKERS WITH TASK REQUIREMENTS – OFFICE MANAGER SOCIAL INTERACTION THE PROCESS BY WHICH PEOPLE ACT AND REACT IN RELATION TO OTHERS HUMANS RELY ON SOCIAL STRUCTURE TO MAKE SENSE OUT OF SITUATIONS SOCIAL STRUCTURE TAKES INTO ACCOUNT ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY AND CULTURE, INCLUDING SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS, FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS, AND ALL TYPES OF GROUPS IN WHICH ARE FOUND RELATIVE STABLE PATTERNS OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR THESE PATTERNS
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MAKE THE SOCIAL WORLD UNDERSTANDABLE HELP GUIDE SOCIAL BEHAVIOR MAKES LIFE APPEAR AS SAFE AND PREDICTABLE ALLOWS FOR SOCIAL STABLITY AND ORDER UNNOTICED PATTERNS HOW DO WE MAKE SENSE OF COUNTLESS FAMILIAR SITUATIONS? ETHNOMETHODOLOGY A PROCESS THROUGH WHICH WE “BREAK THE RULES” IN ORDER TO SEE HOW PERSONS BUILD THEIR REALITIES BY OBSERVING REACTIONS TO SITUATIONS IN WHICH PEOPLE “BREAK WITH EXPECTED NORMS,” ONE CAN BEGIN UNDERSTANDING THE UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS AND THEN HOW “REALITY IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED” DRAMATURGICAL ANALYSIS EXAMINING SOCIAL INTERACTION IN TERMS OF THEATRICAL PERFORMANCES PRESENTATION OF SELF KEY IS IMPRESSION MANAGEMENT OR MAKING ONESELF APPEAR IN THE BEST LIGHT POSSIBLE ROLE PERFORMANCE STAGE “REGIONS” USE OF PROPS SCRIPTS EXAMPLE: GOING TO THE DOCTOR AND PLAYING THE SICK ROLE AS EXPECTED Group A number of people with similar norms, values, and expectations who interact with one another on a regular basis.
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