1: one's attendants or associates 2: SURROUNDINGS instrumental 1: a: serving as a crucial means, agent, or tool *was instrumental in organizing the strike* b: of, relating to, or done with an instrument or tool 2: relating to, composed for, or performed on a musical instrument 3: of, relating to, or being a grammatical case or form expressing means or agency 4: of or relating to instrumentalism 5: OPERANT 3 *instrumental learning* *instrumental conditioning* lobby 1: to promote (as a project) or secure the passage of (as legislation) by influencing public officials 2: to attempt to influence or sway (as a public official) toward a desired action self-serving serving one's own interests often in disregard of the truth or the interests of others EXERCISE6-1 Like many other groups of people in the United States who have needed laws to _____ equal rights, Americans with disabilities have had to _____ legislation addressing their concerns. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A.guarantee D. contend with B.preclude E. lobby for C.compound F. enact 6-2 The café attracts a _____ clientele: a startlingly heterogeneous group of people collects there. A. miscellaneous B. callous C. languid D. motley E. mysterious F. arcane
6 陈琦GRE 填空基础24 套琦叔团队•倾情奉献6-3 The second edition of the textbook provides _____ footnotes; since the first edition, the editors have apparently _____ a great deal of background data. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A.illegible D.amassed B.monotonous E.embellished C.copious F.clarified 6-4 Professor Fernandez has been _____ about most of the purportedly humanitarian aspects of the colonial government and has insisted that its actions were, on the contrary, _____. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A.disillusioned D.self-serving B.dubious E.benevolent C.enthusiastic F.sporadic 6-5 Concrete is _____ of many materials, a composite of rocks, pebbles, sand, and cement. A. conflation B. a distillation C. a concordance D. an aberration E. an amalgamation F. an agreement 6-6 The depiction of the _____ wolf is largely a misconception; wolves are _____ creatures that prefer to run in packs. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A.lone D.dangerous B.vicious E.social C.hungry F.famished 6-7 Jazz pioneer Louis Armstrong is renowned for his improvisations on the trumpet; his innovations as a vocalist are equally ______. A. obscure B. remarkable C. conventional D. erroneous E. noteworthy F. inexact
陈琦GRE 填空基础24 套7琦叔团队•倾情奉献6-8 Andrew’s hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was _____ when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew’s _____ to be correct. Blank (i) Blank (ii) A.compromised D.prediction B.confirmed E.intuition C.belied F.endorsement 6-9 The medicine does have a salutary effect by _____ pain, even if recent studies prove that it cannot eliminate such discomfort entirely. A. alleviating B. annihilating C. revitalizing D. eradicating E. augmenting F. palliating 6-10 The intern was almost too _____; he felt the suffering of his patients as if it were his own.