O correlation indicates the two variables that change

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o Correlation indicates the two variables that change together in the opposite direction. o Strength Of correlation depends on the size of coefficient. Be very clear about the difference between correlation and causation. (Text & Lecture) Correlation: event influences another, perceived ex: people who eat more ice cream on Mondays will kill more people when they are older Causation: cause and effect ex: if you study for a test you are more likely to get a better grade What is an independent and dependent variable? (Text & Lecture) IV: variable manipulated or controlled by the experimenter DV: Variable that is measured; the outcome What do we know about Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia and neurotransmitters? (Lecture) Alzheimer's patients have low levels of Acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter responsible for movement, attention, arousal, and memory. An excess of Dopamine, the neurotransmitter responsible for movement, learning, attention, and emotion, has been linked to Schizophrenia. What is an agonist/antagonist and how do they work? (Text & Lecture) Two types of neurotransmitters Agonists: chemical mimics action of neurotransmitters Antagonist: chemical opposes action of neurotransmitter
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Know all of the various schools of psychology and their arguments. (Text & Lecture) 1) Structuralism (Wundt, 1879, Leipzig, Germany) Argument: subject matter of psychology was immediate experience 2) Functionalism (William James, 1890 USA) Argument: psychology is the study of the mind as it functions in adapting the organism to its environment 3) Gestalt Psych (Wertheimer, Koffka, Kohler) Argument: study of immediate experience of the whole organism 4) Psychoanalysis (Freud) Argument: unconscious processes direct our everyday behavior 5)Behaviorism (Watson) Argument: psychology is observable and measurable Behaviorism (BF Skinner) Argument: operant conditioning= your behavior is a product of external influences What is research replication and why do it? (Text) Repeating studies to verify studies Know our policies described on our syllabus well. (Syllabus) Know the key points and messages of ALL of our video presentations; (Lecture) Know all of the research methods discussed in class along with their strengths and weaknesses. (Lecture) Naturalistic Observation (observing behavior in natural setting) +: behaviors are spontaneous, doesn't rely on peoples ability to report on own experiences
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