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__________________________________________________________________________________Chapter 9: Nominations, Elections, and CampaignsMentor Note:In seeking their party’s nomination, political candidates conduct an election campaign. If successful at winning the nomination, they continue their campaign in the general election.Section 9.1 The Evolution of Campaigning Answer the following question:1. Define election campaign: An organized effort to persuade voters to choose one candidate over others competing for the same office.Sections 9.2 Nominations & 9.3 Elections Answer the following questions:Representative democracy rests on the assumption of elections as a formal means of citizen participation. This is a key component of republicanism. In general, winning elective office consists of two steps: (1) first winning the primary election, and (2) winning the general election.1.What is a primary election? Public votes their favorite candidate for major office. Presidentialprimary is when the public votes for who in their party will be the nomination for president2.What is a general election? Public votes for presidentMentor Note:The nation’s first state-level preliminary races for president are held in the states of Iowa and New Hampshire. The Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primaries are considered to be so-called “bellwether” elections during the primary election season in that winning these states are considered crucial to winning the party’s nomination. Conversely, if a candidate does not do well in these elections, they are considered to have little chance of ultimately winning the nomination. Due to focus on these two states historically because they Page 28 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution hold their preliminary races so early in primary season, other states have responded by moving their primaries to earlier in the season as well. This has caused an increased tendency of front-loading in an effort to make the respective state more influential in the nomination process. This has also resulted in what is known as “Super Tuesday,” wherein 16 states hold their primaries and 4 states hold their caucuses all on the same day.Answer the following questions:1.What is a plurality? the candidate who wins a plurality of its popular vote, winsallof the state's electoral votes.2.Mentor Note:The president is elected indirectly through the electoral college. The electoral college consists of 538 electors, corresponding to the number of total number of members in theUnited States House of Representatives and the United States Senate (plus the District of Columbia). This can be broken down by state, resulting in the number of electors in the electoralcollege per state. This is determined by the number of members a state has in the U.S. House and U.S. Senate.
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