i.Forensic psychologists and a team of clinical psychologists gather to discuss the mental processes behind a school shooter. According to a behavioral perspective, the shooter must have associations with violence while biological researchers discuss the predator’s hormone levels and brain mechanisms. 5.Biological Approacha.A psychological perspective that examines the biological processes behind behavior and mental processes. It hones in on inheritance and physiology. i.Biological psychologists use a biological approach to explain the behavior of teens during adolescence. They investigate the hormones, inherited traits, and brain mechanisms occurring during puberty.
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6.Evolutionary Approacha.A biopsychosocial viewpoint that analyzes the psychological decisions of individuals and connects them to previously adaptive traits acquired during evolution. They seek the root of behavior, linking the past to present psychology. i.Mary indulges in chocolate cake on her birthday, and her body craves a second helping. Due an evolutionary past, psychologists determine that a craving for sugars, salts, and fats is predetermined in humans. When food was seldom found in the past, humans adapted to their scarce environmentto develop an instinct for fatty foods, a preventative measure against starvation. Mary tries to resist the urge, but reaches for another bite (Salt, Sugar, Fat, Michael Moss). 7.Psychodynamic Approacha.The study of the underlying, psychological forces that shape personality, feelings, and behaviors. It seeks to understand unconscious decisions that arise during earlydevelopment (childhood). i.Psychologists analyze the psychodynamic undercurrents of a school shooter. Evaluating his personality and family testimonies, they theorize that the shooter’s violent urges may be derived from an abusive father that forced violence on the family from a young age. The shooter’s behavior may be an unconscious attempt to please his father. 8.Behavior Approacha.Behaviorists strive to understand phenomena by examining various aspects of one’s behavior. As behavior is learned through observable actions and reiterated through associations, the root of a certain behavior may be understood by disassembling the roots behind it. i.Behavioral psychologists utilize their approach to provide insight on a morbidly obese patient. They theorize that the patient learned to overeat after witnessing his parents interact with one another, sharing food as theirlove language. This action was further reiterated when the patient, Bob, went to get ice cream every time he hit a celebratory milestone. Bob eventually made the connection that happiness was associated with food, it
was his family’s way of life. Bob was a normal weight until his parents died from a sudden car accident. To get him out of his grief, Bob overate to the point of morbid obesity to recreate the happiness he felt as child through food.
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