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6.The_Legal_Basis_of_Planning

Michigan townships home rule option pa of 1947

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Michigan townships Home rule option (PA of 1947); Impetus for home rule is to give some protection against being annexed by adjacent cities; Achieve charter status by having at least 2,000 population, resolution of the township board, and vote of the township residents; Gives greater taxing authority
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Michigan cities Organized as home rule units City residents adopt a charter that determines their form of government: Council, manager Strong mayor, council Weak mayor, council
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Michigan special districts Created to carry out a specific function: Airports Harbor Building transportation projects Downtown development Water/sewer systems Emergency services
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Public Control over Private Property
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Zoning The land-use control technique In 1916, NYC adopted the first zoning regulation Establish the appropriate use and preservation of land, open space, and natural resources in accordance with their character and suitability for particular purposes and prevent the improper use of land and natural resources (The City of East Lansing,
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Police Power The inherent authority of State governments to impose restrictions on individual rights for the sake of: Health Safety Public welfare
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Eminent Domain Urban Renewal programs enjoy “Eminent Domain” The Housing Act of 1949
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Eminent Domain Government has the right to take property for public purposes; Government must compensate for property at fair market value; Compensation goes to the owner of the property.
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Eminent Domain Federal and state governments possess the inherent power to take property for public use; Some states (generally Dillon’s Rule states) delegate to local governments the power of eminent domain; Home Rule states may confer eminent domain power on local governments through home rule provisions.
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Examples of taking Highway right of way; Public infrastructure; Economic development; Airports;
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