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18 which of the following statements isare accurate

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B
a. A necessary cause represents a condition that, by and large, must be present for theeffect to follow.b. A sufficient cause represents a condition that, if it is present, will pretty muchguarantee the effect in question.
C
____18.Which of the following statements is(are) accurateregarding necessary and sufficient causes?D
c. In social science, evidence of either necessary or sufficient causes is often used asthe basis for concluding that a relationship is causal.d. All of these choices are true.e. None of these choices are true.____19.For a nomothetic causal relationship to exist, there mustbe evidencea. of an empirical correlation between the variablesb. that one variable precedes the other in timec. that a third variable did not cause the changes observed in the first two variablesd. all of these choices must be evidencede. of an empirical correlation between the variables and that one variable precedes theother in time____20.Which of the following hypotheses best fits the criteriaof causality?D
C____21.Professor King examined all the reasons given by 100
couples for their marriages. In the final research report, King listedall the reasons given by the 200 people for their marriages.Professor King is
____22.If we can establish that variable X comes before variable
Q in time, then we can say

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
researcher, Causality, Cohort study, Longitudinal study, Study design

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