Possibly including the cervix uterus fallopian tubes

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possibly including the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, abdominal cavity, and ovariesSymptoms are abdominal pain, tenderness, nausea, fever, and irregular menstrual cyclesCondition may lead to infertilityEpididymitisInflammation of the epididymis
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Bacterial STIs: GonorrheaDiagnosis and treatmentWhen diagnosed and treated early, clears up rapidly more than 90% of the timeClinical inspection of the genitals by a physician Culturing and examination of the genital dischargeAntibioticsBecause gonorrhea and chlamydia often co-occur, people infected with gonorrhea are usually treated with another antibiotic for chlamydia
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SyphilisHighest incidence:Starts with a painless skin ulcerIncreases risk of contracting HIVCan be cured with injected penicillin
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Bacterial STIs: SyphilisCaused by the Treponema pallidum bacterium
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Bacterial STIs: SyphilisTransmission ______________________intercourseOral-genital or oral-anal contact with infected personUsually transmitted when open lesions of an infected partner come into contact with mucus membrane of the otherCan be contracted by touching an infectious chancre (sore or ulcer)From mother to fetus through placentaCongenital syphilis is present at birth
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Bacterial STIs: SyphilisSymptomsPrimary stageTwo to four weeks after contact a painless chancre (hard, round, ulcer-like lesion with raised edges) appears at infection site
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Bacterial STIs: SyphilisSecondary stageA few weeks to a few months later skin rash develops (painless, reddish raised bumps) that eventually darkens and bursts, oozing a dischargeSores in the mouth, swelling in the joints, sore throat, headaches, fever (may assume flu)
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Bacterial STIs: SyphilisTertiary stageA large ulcer may form on the skin, muscle tissue, digestive organs, lungs, liver, and other organsThese can be treatedSerious damage can be done if the infection attacks the central nervous or cardiovascular system – can be fatal
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Bacterial STIs: SyphilisDiagnosis and treatmentPrimary stage is diagnosed by clinical examinationSpirochetes are quite visible in fluid draw from chancreBlood tests are not definitive until the second stage__________________ is the treatment of choiceSex partners of infected persons should be evaluated
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Viral STIs: HerpesHerpes can be caused by two different but closely related types of the herpes simplex virus:HSV 1 found in orolabial and anogenital areasHSV 2 found in anogenital areaStatistics Canada 2013:An estimated 13.6% of Canadians (2.9 million) tested positive for HSV-2____________________ can prevent or shorten outbreaks
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A Brief History of HerpesThe new incurable STI of the 1980sOne of the three STIs, along with HPV and HIV, that made up the “era of sexually transmitted viruses”Most viruses (excepting hepatitis B and C) cannot be cured with antibioticsCauses cold sores to form on the genitals where they are passed to a partner’s genitals
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Viral STIs: Herpes
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