4 the economic depression panic during van burens

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4)The economic depression (panic) during Van Buren’s presidency resulted from Jacksonian economic decisions and Van Buren’s refusal to reverse them. At the same time, England suffered its own economic crisis for which they withdrew credit and investment in United States, and their demand for cotton also declined. The economic depression lasted for four years.5)Alexis de Tocqueville pointed out that religion needs to appeal to common people justlike politics. Tocqueville, along with some other people, thrust aside Calvinist andbrought a series of religious revivals (The Second Great Awakening). People frommany denominations started to arise as a consequence. Some denominations weremore successful than others. The revival of religion also worked to promote law,order, and sense of morality.6)A small influential group of people doubted that revivals for saving souls producedpermanent changes in behavior and condemned them. These people were known asthe Unitarians, who criticized revivals as uncouth emotional exhibitions and attractedmostly the wealthy as well as the educated people.7)After the Revolutionary war, antislavery sentiment flourished among the whites, butthe organizations were not established until later. There were still people whodegraded the blacks for their race. When they decided to send the blacks to Africa, anissue was raised that most blacks were American born. So, many started to fight forthe emancipation of blacks as they thought that blacks should enjoy civil equality towhite people. Thus, the abolition began. The abolition led to controversies and mobs,but it mainly led to the issue of women role in the society. As a result, massiveconflict started between the people who wanted recognition of blacks and people whowanted recognition of the role of women.8)In 1830, Andrew Jackson recognized the intensified pressure upon the Indians byissuing the Indian Removal Act. Even though, John Marshall considered the act to beunfair, Jackson did not listen and acted on his own. Therefore, in 1838, the Cherokeeswere forcibly removed from the territory of Oklahoma. The Cherokees travelled West
against their will, upon the course of which as many as eight thousand Cherokeesdied.9)Peggy Eaton, the wife of the Secretary of War John Eaton, was a commoner. So Mrs.Calhoun, John Calhoun’s wife who was an aristocrat, refused to include Mrs. Eaton’sname on the guest list for the Washington parties. Jackson saw this as disrespectfuland defended Mrs. Eaton. Remembering what had happened to his own dear wife,Jackson demanding that Mrs. Eaton’s name be included in the social life of thecapital. This incident instigated the irrevocable rift between Jackson and Calhoun.10)The South was upset about the Tariff of Abomination because the state was in aneconomic crisis from the Panic of 1819, the economic competition slowed downrevenue from cotton production, and there were fear of the abolition movement.

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