13 have engaged in sexual activity that is not sex 70 of college students use

13 have engaged in sexual activity that is not sex 70

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1/3 have engaged in sexual activity that is not sex 70% of college students use condoms Most teens with STIs are unaware that they are infected Safe-sex programs or others to reduce the STI rate Jefferson High School: 63% of couples only had sex with each other Increase the time gap between different partners o Sleeping with more than one person at a time increases rate of transmission Four Models for Spreading STIs: i. Core infection model – infected people are all connected to this core group Infection circulates through the circle but also connected to others ii. Bridge between disjointed populations – an infected group and an uninfected group connected by one person Easily cut the tie at that one person to protect the uninfected group iii. Inverse core model – infected members are not connected directly with one another, rather the individuals outside of the core connect the core members to each other and/or beyond the group Ex: prostitution in the city Represents the way AIDS transmission occurs in Africa iv. Spanning tree – no key focal point to stop the spread of infection
A main line and branches that develop off of that line Most difficult to stop transmission because it continues to flow even if one part fails ° Romantic Leftovers Many triads where partners are traded within groups o “No cycles of four” – don’t date the ex of your ex’s current boy/girlfriend o No one was consciously aware of this pattern The second couple made of the exes doesn’t want to consider themselves “leftovers” o Secondary social status demotion Researches only saw with a bird’s-eye view, not through student interviews ° ° Organizations Any social network that is defined by a common purpose and has a boundary between its membership and the rest of the social world o Formal organizations – have a set of governing structures and rules for their internal arrangements (US Army) o Informal organizations – do not have governing structures or rules (a fan club) Focus on the social factors that affect organizational structure and the people in those organizations ° Organizational Structure and Culture Organizational culture – the shared beliefs and behaviors within a social group o Often used interchangeably with corporate culture o Ex: slaughterhouse environment vs. community law center Organizational structure – the ways I which power and authority are distributed within an organization o Ex: managers and supply line workers vs. decentralized cooperation Interlocking directorates – members of corporate boards often sit on the boards of directors for multiple companies o 11/15 largest companies have two board members who sit together on another o Allow a select group of people to control thousands of companies’ decisions
o Can lead to “power elite” or aristocracy ° Institutional Isomorphism: Everyone’s Doing It Network benefits: information, resources, sense of security/community, opportunities o Can be constraining as well

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