VR is relatively well operated technically and between 1999 and 2003 saw

Vr is relatively well operated technically and

This preview shows page 4 - 5 out of 12 pages.

VR is relatively well operated technically and between 1999 and 2003 saw revenues increase 15% per annum.. Air transport . The Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam (CAAV) handles civil aviation and is under direct authority of the government. There are 135 airports/airstrips for civil, military and police use in the country. The CAAV is responsible for 18 airports and air navigation services. The airports in the north, central and south handled 1.7 million, 0.8 million and 3.1 million passengers in 1998, respectively, which have been increasing rapidly to 2.5 million, 1.2 million and 5.1 million in 2002, respectively. Air traffic grew sharply during the 1990s until the region was hit by subsequent financial and economic crisis. The volume of air passenger in 1998 was 2.3 million international and 3.3 million domestic passengers. In 2002, the HCMC and Hanoi airports (Tan Son Nhat and Noi Bai) reached a total of 8 million commercial passengers, of which 4.2 million were international and 3.8 domestic. In 1998, approximately 60,000 and 47,000 ton of air freight were carried by international and domestic flights respectively. In 2002, both international airports handled a total of 190,000 tons (including 2,000 tons of mail), 110,000 tons of international freight and 78,000 domestic freight. As the economy further diversifies and international regional linkages are strengthened, the demand is expected to increase sharply. International airfares are proposed by the airlines and ratified by CAAV. There are two different domestic airfares: one is applicable to foreign citizens and overseas Vietnamese and other is for local Vietnamese. The maximum airfare to Vietnamese passengers on domestic flights between Hanoi and HCMC is decided by CAAV and the Government Pricing Committee and approved by the Prime Minister. Two airlines, both members of Vietnam Airlines Corporation (VAC), operate in the country. The dominant one is Vietnam Airlines, which accounts for 37% of international traffic to and from Vietnam and 94% of the domestic demand. The other significant operator is Pacific Airlines operates mainly between Hanoi and HCMC. It was established in 1995 and is jointly owned by VAC and several other companies. Urban Transport. Large urban areas, particularly Hanoi and HCMC, have been experiencing worsening urban transport problems. HCMC is estimated to have nearly 7 million and an average annual growth of 2.37% during the 1989-99 period while the population of Hanoi is estimated in 3 million and a growth rate of 2.22 %. Both cities have ambitious plans to build ring and radial systems to increase road availability, but the complex institutional arrangements for land use planning in the major cities delays all these processes. While implementation of policy for urban transport is a matter for the cities, the central government retains great influence as the approving authority for large investment plans and major investments. The central government as well as city governments, have started to implement various urgent measures, such as road and bus service improvements, traffic management, and safety campaigns. Urban transport problems in secondary cities such as Danang
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  • Fall '13
  • Ketu
  • Road, Shipping, transport sector

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