Chapter 1 Introduction 30102014 28 Software engineering ethics Chapter 1

Chapter 1 introduction 30102014 28 software

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Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 28
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Software engineering ethics Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 29
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Software engineering ethics Software engineering involves wider responsibilities than simply the application of technical skills. Software engineers must behave in an honest and ethically responsible way if they are to be respected as professionals. Ethical behaviour is more than simply upholding the law but involves following a set of principles that are morally correct. Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 30
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Issues of professional responsibility Confidentiality Engineers should normally respect the confidentiality of their employers or clients irrespective of whether or not a formal confidentiality agreement has been signed. Competence Engineers should not misrepresent their level of competence. They should not knowingly accept work which is outwith their competence. Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 31
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Issues of professional responsibility Intellectual property rights Engineers should be aware of local laws governing the use of intellectual property such as patents, copyright, etc. They should be careful to ensure that the intellectual property of employers and clients is protected. Computer misuse Software engineers should not use their technical skills to misuse other people’s computers. Computer misuse ranges from relatively trivial (game playing on an employer’s machine, say) to extremely serious (dissemination of viruses). Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 32
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ACM/IEEE Code of Ethics The professional societies in the US have cooperated to produce a code of ethical practice. Members of these organisations sign up to the code of practice when they join. The Code contains eight Principles related to the behaviour of and decisions made by professional software engineers, including practitioners, educators, managers, supervisors and policy makers, as well as trainees and students of the profession. Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 33
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Rationale for the code of ethics Computers have a central and growing role in commerce, industry, government, medicine, education, entertainment and society at large. Software engineers are those who contribute by direct participation or by teaching, to the analysis, specification, design, development, certification, maintenance and testing of software systems. Because of their roles in developing software systems, software engineers have significant opportunities to do good or cause harm, to enable others to do good or cause harm, or to influence others to do good or cause harm. To ensure, as much as possible, that their efforts will be used for good, software engineers must commit themselves to making software engineering a beneficial and respected profession. Chapter 1 Introduction 30/10/2014 34
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The ACM/IEEE Code of Ethics 30/10/2014 Chapter 1 Introduction 35 Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Task Force on Software Engineering Ethics and Professional Practices PREAMBLE The short version of the code summarizes aspirations at a high level of the abstraction; the
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