You could explore the Places to Grow Act and its initiative . The Greenbelt Act, 2005 was passed by the legislature on February 24, 2005, which has resulted in the protection of 1.8 million acres of farmland and green spaces within the Greater Golden Horseshoe area against development, as well as a decrease in the potential for urban sprawl. It builds upon approximately 800,000 acres of land concurrently protected within the Oak Ridges Moraine Act and the Niagara Escarpment Act. The objectives of the Act include: The preservation of rural and agricultural lands and their economic viability The protection of the land base through the restoration and improvement of its hydrological and ecological functions An increase in the linkages between ecosystems and the promotion of sustainable resource use The control of urbanization and the assurance that the development of transportation and infrastructure proceeds in an environmentally sensitive manner The Act seeks to achieve its objectives through the initial designation of the Greenbelt Area , followed by the subsequent creation of the Greenbelt Plan for all or part of the designated Greenbelt Area, while ensuring public participation throughout the process (refer to Figure 2.4.). Under section 6 of the Act, the content of the Greenbelt Plan may: 1. Set out policies with respect to the lands to which the Greenbelt Plan applies including: o Land designations o Policies to support the coordination of planning and development among municipalities and programs of the various provincial ministries o Policies with respect to transitional matters 2. Set out policies with respect to the areas designated by it as Protected Countryside, including:
o Policies prohibiting, restricting or regulating the use of land or the erection, location and use of buildings or structures o Policies relating to land and resource protection and land development o Policies for the economic and physical development of the land (2006, c.32,Sched. C, s.22). Figure 2.4: Map of the Greenbelt Area The Greenbelt Act is under the authority of the MMAH. Under the Act, the Lieutenant Governor has been appointed with the authority to designate the Greenbelt Area and establish the Greenbelt Plan. The MMAH has appointed a Greenbelt Council to provide the ministry with advice on the Greenbelt initiative, who then provides advice to the Lieutenant Governor. As stated within the council’s Terms of Reference, the council is to offer advice on the matters of the ongoing implementation of the Act and the Plan, the development of performance measures to monitor the effectiveness, any proposed amendments, and the ten-year review (MMAH 2005).
As stated in sections 7 and 8, any decision that is made under the Planning and Development Act, 1994, the Planning Act, 1990, the Condominium Act, 1998, the PPS, or by a municipal council, local board, municipal planning authority, OMB, Conservation Authority, or any agent of the Government of Ontario must be consistent with the Greenbelt Act. In addition, the Greenbelt Act has authority under section 8 over the official plan and
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