Sanctions and social control self regulation we also

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Sanctions and Social Control Self-Regulation: We also sanction ourselves
When we act deviantly (we know the appropriate way to do things) so we commonly feel shame, embarrassment This is commonly powerful enough to prevent people from acting deviantly i.e. impulse control expressions, or filtering your speech, regulating habits Social Control: Both external and internal sanctions push people to act in socially acceptable ways Encourage conformity to cultural norms Promote common patterns of social relations Causes of Deviance People act deviantly for different reasons: 1. Choice: Deviant counterculture, try to get attention Goths, revolutionaries, neglected kids 2. Pressure : Individuals act deviantly because of pressure from others Peer pressure to be part of a gang, to skip school 3. Ignorance: Individuals might simply not know norms Tourists, recent immigrants have not adjusted yet (i.e. stopping in the middle of the side walk) 4 . Socialization: Individuals might be socialized by family to act contrary to dominant cultural norms, subculture Minority religious communities (the Amish) - rural values, no interest in mainstream culture, higher education discouraged Perspectives of Deviance 1. Symbolic Interactionism: We learn what is acceptable and what is deviant from our social interactions - We see how others act - We define our self-concept based on reactions of others Suggests we act deviantly either because we observe it in our relations or because our relations react to us as deviant S.I Theories: 1. Differential Association: Edwin Sutherland, people with whom you interact frequently and intensely with shape you the most When those close to you act deviantly, so will you People who have friends who are delinguents – more leikly Group norms,bheaviors, socialization Study on marijuana use: T is not a n attractive ctivty Have t ern how to smoke, associate the symptoms with pleasure and what they are, you cannot know unless you hang out with others who do. 2. Labeling Theory: Your interactions shape both your self-concept and your idea of the generalized other (Mead) When your relations “label” you as deviant, you can come to accept this secondary deviance (Lemert) Label called a “master status” Sticky label, overrides al other identity aspects i.e. mental illness, visibly disabled, criminal record (affect ability for job, housing) Role of stigma
Affects social acceptance, judgment, approval 2. Functionalist Perspective Deviance Lack of solidarity, not integrated into society “Deviance” can be positive or negative Negative: Shows weakening/breakdown of social order Social Disorganization Theory : Regions with few and weak social ties (socially isolated regions) will have high rates of deviance For example: industrial areas Chicago school -- neighborhoods with weak social ties higher deviance Neighbors less likely to step in - high rates of divorse, unemploy… markers of social disorganization Positive:

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