Once the student has learned to pronounce the consonant sounds correctly

Once the student has learned to pronounce the

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paperbacks with short, 40 more with long vowel patterns). Once the student has learned to pronounce the consonant sounds correctly (without the “uh”), the next step is to blend them to form a word. It will not help to tell the student to “say the sounds faster.” It will help to blend only two sounds to begin a word, then add one sound at a time. For example, to blend the word “bat”: Pronounce the first two sounds separately. b - a Blend the first two sounds. ba Pronounce the third sound separately. - t Blend the third sound with the first two. bat (already blended) Use your finger or a pointer for each step. Point to each letter as it is pronounced separately, then slide it across beneath the letters when you blend. Teach the students to use the same motions. Syllable Rules 1. The number of syllables equals the number of vowels heard (write, re-lease) 2. Divide before a single consonant (fa-mous, fi-nal) 3. Divide between two consonants, whether like or unlike (hap-pen, pic-nic) 4. Do not divide digraphs or blends (a-chieve, an-gry) 5. Divide before consonant preceding -le endings (un-cle, ta-ble) 6. Divide after prefix or before suffix if a separate syllable (pre-heat-ed, played) 7. Divide between words in a compound word (note-book, sun-shine) Resource List 1. Beacon Press, CA 1-800-962-1776 Self-Pronouncing Alphabet Animal puppets, jingles, activities for each sound 2. Educators Publishing Service 1-800-225-5750 Primary Phonics - supplementary readers for beginners Solving Language Difficulties - phonics rules and practice 3. Jolly Learning Phonics 1-800-488-2665 Page 4 of 6
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EDUC 554 Finger Phonics Action for each sound, puzzles, stencils 4. Open Court Publishing Company 1-800-435-6850 Response cards Phonics cassette, many other useful materials 5. Sing, Spell, Read & Write 1-800-321-8322 Videos and other instructional materials 6. Wikki Stix 1-800-869-4554 Manipulatives made of wax-colored yarn 7. Zoo-Phonics 1-800-622-8104 Phono-visual, tactile, kinesthetic approach to reading and spelling Phonics Charts Chart 1: Single Consonants b k t d l v f m x h n y j p z r Chart 2: Variant Consonants qu / kw/ c /k/ /s/ g /g/ /j/ s /s/ /z/ x /ks/ /gz/ Chart 3: Consonant Digraphs ch ph /f/ sh th (wh) (gh) /f/ Page 5 of 6
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EDUC 554 Chart 4: Consonant Blends bl br sc scr cl cr sk spl fl dr sm spr gl fr sn squ pl gr sp str sl pr st tw tr sw Chart 5: Vowels Long Short Special a a a (two-dot) e e (schwa) i i o o oo (long) u u oo (short) Chart 6: Diphthongs oi oy ou ow Chart 7: Vowel Patterns Short vowels one-vowel pattern Long vowels two-vowel pattern final e pattern Special vowels a, oo, oo, oi, oy, ou, ow [2-dot, straight line, smile] Bossy r ar, er, ir, or, ur Signal letters e, i, y Chart 8: Outlaw Families could dove should love would shove Page 6 of 6
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