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paperbacks with short, 40 more with long vowel patterns). Once the student has learned to pronounce the consonant sounds correctly (without the “uh”), the next step is to blend them to form a word. It will not help to tell the student to “say the sounds faster.” It will help to blend only two sounds to begin a word, then add one sound at a time. For example, to blend the word “bat”: Pronounce the first two sounds separately. b - a Blend the first two sounds. ba Pronounce the third sound separately. - t Blend the third sound with the first two. bat (already blended) Use your finger or a pointer for each step. Point to each letter as it is pronounced separately,then slide it across beneath the letters when you blend. Teach the students to use the same motions. Syllable Rules1.The number of syllables equals the number of vowels heard (write, re-lease)2.Divide before a single consonant (fa-mous, fi-nal)3.Divide between two consonants, whether like or unlike (hap-pen, pic-nic)4.Do notdivide digraphs or blends (a-chieve, an-gry)5.Divide before consonant preceding -le endings (un-cle, ta-ble)6.Divide after prefix or before suffix if a separate syllable (pre-heat-ed, played)7.Divide between words in a compound word (note-book, sun-shine)Resource List1.Beacon Press, CA1-800-962-1776Self-Pronouncing AlphabetAnimal puppets, jingles, activities for each sound2.Educators Publishing Service1-800-225-5750 Primary Phonics - supplementary readers for beginners Solving Language Difficulties - phonics rules and practice 3.Jolly Learning Phonics1-800-488-2665Page 4 of 6
EDUC 554Finger PhonicsAction for each sound, puzzles, stencils4.Open Court Publishing Company1-800-435-6850 Response cardsPhonics cassette, many other useful materials 5.Sing, Spell, Read & Write1-800-321-8322Videos and other instructional materials6.Wikki Stix1-800-869-4554Manipulatives made of wax-colored yarn7.Zoo-Phonics1-800-622-8104Phono-visual, tactile, kinesthetic approach to reading and spellingPhonics ChartsChart 1:Single ConsonantsbktdlvfmxhnyjpzrChart 2: Variant Consonantsqu/kw/c/k//s/g/g//j/s/s//z/x/ks//gz/Chart 3: Consonant Digraphschph /f/shth(wh)(gh) /f/Page 5 of 6
EDUC 554Chart 4: Consonant BlendsblbrscscrclcrsksplfldrsmsprglfrsnsquplgrspstrslprsttwtrswChart 5: VowelsLongShortSpecialaaa (two-dot)ee(schwa)iioooo (long)uuoo (short)Chart 6: DiphthongsoioyouowChart 7: Vowel PatternsShort vowelsone-vowel patternLong vowelstwo-vowel patternfinal e patternSpecial vowelsa, oo, oo, oi, oy, ou, ow[2-dot, straight line, smile]Bossy rar, er, ir, or, urSignal letterse, i, yChart 8: Outlaw FamiliescoulddoveshouldlovewouldshovePage 6 of 6