Informal Fallacies Worksheet

Microsofties point out that consumers understandably

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They’re interdependent, he insists, and enhance each other. Microsofties point out that consumers, understandably, love that. Moreover, says Gates, “Microsoft could never have developed Windows under these rules.” Indeed, by any measure, breaking up is hard to do. (David S. Jackson, Time , May 8, 2000) Appeal to popularity, appeal to false authority, begging the question 13. Background : In 1984, the former prime minister of Jamaica, Michael Manley, published an essay on poverty and underdevelopment in Harper’s magazine. Manley claimed that poverty in the Third World was a result of imperialism in the colonizing of many countries during the nineteenth century. Thomas Sowell, of the Hoover Institution, wrote objecting to Manley’s theory. He said: “The notion that either the capital or the standard of living in the West depends upon the Third World will not stand the slightest contact with evidence. When the British Empire was at its zenith [peak], around the First World War, more British capital was invested in the United States than in all of Africa or all of Asia outside Australia. The French had more trade with little Belgium than with all its far- flung African empire. Germany’s trade with its colonies was less than 1 percent of its exports.” (From Trudy Govier, A Practical Study of Argument ) Straw man 14. Your rejection of favored trade status for our corporation is completely unfair. And I’m sure that you will agree that it is, long before we meet to decide who to endorse in the next election, Senator. Appeal to force 15. Background: The following is a letter to the editor regarding the newspaper’s favorable review of a feminist book: “I will not subscribe to a philosophy that purports to represent some sort of vague liberation from alleged wrongs while at the same time advocating to destroy traditions and democracy...Let me just say that I vigorously oppose any ideology that arrogantly proposes to reduce my husband, my children, and myself (a traditional family) to superfluity simply because we don’t fit into some sort of elitist, sexist new order.” (Letter to the Editor, Toronto Globe and Mail , March 6, 1976) Straw man (feminism), guilt by association 16. Why won’t you come to the nude beach with me? You’re such a prude! You don’t think birds, dogs, and cats have to wear swim trunks. Why should we have to? False analogy, ad hominem 17. There’s no way you can hold us responsible for knowing all this stuff for the exam. That’s just crazy to think anyone could learn all this. Just wait until student evaluations get turned in and just see how much you end up thinking we should have to learn all this for the exam. Appeal to force 3
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18. As a child I accepted evolution until I saw the illogic of it. If life originated from non-life, how come our present superscientists can’t even define it, let alone reproduce it? Where is the so-called missing link between animal and man?
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