it’s functionally impossible to split the operating system from the applications
They’re interdependent, he insists, and enhance each other.
Microsofties point out that consumers, understandably, love that.
Gates, “Microsoft could never have developed Windows under these rules.”
Indeed, by any measure, breaking up is hard to do.
(David S. Jackson,
Appeal to popularity, appeal to false authority, begging the question
In 1984, the former prime minister of Jamaica, Michael Manley,
published an essay on poverty and underdevelopment in
Manley claimed that poverty in the Third World was a result of imperialism in the
colonizing of many countries during the nineteenth century.
Thomas Sowell, of
the Hoover Institution, wrote objecting to Manley’s theory.
that either the capital or the standard of living in the West depends upon the Third
World will not stand the slightest contact with evidence.
When the British
Empire was at its zenith [peak], around the First World War, more British capital
was invested in the United States than in all of Africa or all of Asia outside
The French had more trade with little Belgium than with all its far-
flung African empire.
Germany’s trade with its colonies was less than 1 percent
of its exports.”
(From Trudy Govier,
A Practical Study of Argument
14. Your rejection of favored trade status for our corporation is completely unfair.
And I’m sure that you will agree that it is, long before we meet to decide who to
endorse in the next election, Senator.
Appeal to force
The following is a letter to the editor regarding the newspaper’s
favorable review of a feminist book:
“I will not subscribe to a philosophy that
purports to represent some sort of vague liberation from alleged wrongs while at
the same time advocating to destroy traditions and democracy.
..Let me just say
that I vigorously oppose any ideology that arrogantly proposes to reduce my
husband, my children, and myself (a traditional family) to superfluity simply
because we don’t fit into some sort of elitist, sexist new order.”
(Letter to the
Toronto Globe and Mail
, March 6, 1976)
Straw man (feminism), guilt by
16. Why won’t you come to the nude beach with me?
You’re such a prude!
don’t think birds, dogs, and cats have to wear swim trunks.
Why should we have
False analogy, ad hominem
17. There’s no way you can hold us responsible for knowing all this stuff for the
That’s just crazy to think anyone could learn all this.
Just wait until
student evaluations get turned in and just see how much you end up thinking we
should have to learn all this for the exam.
Appeal to force