Jim Crow : the former practice of segregating black people in the US. 16) Exodusters : a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century 17) Convict Lease System : southern states leased prisoners to privately operated mines 18) Social Darwinism : the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Now largely discredited, social Darwinism was advocated by Herbert Spencer and others in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform. 19) 19. Buffalo Soldiers: were members of the 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, 20. Talented Tenth: a 1903 essay by W.E.B. Du Bois that popularized the theory that cultivating a class of exceptional leaders through classical education was crucial to African American empowerment. 21. Tuskegee Machine: A popular euphemism used by a number of early twentieth century black intellectuals, including Monroe Trotter and W. E. B. Du Bois, the Tuskegee Machine referred to the financial control exerted over black education and, in particular, over black newspapers and periodicals by Booker T. Washington 22. Universal Negro Improvement Association : dedicated to racial pride, economic self-sufficiency, and the formation of an independent black nation in Africa, founded in 1914 in the United States by Marcus Mosiah Garvey, a Jamaican immigrant. 20) 23. Great Migration : the movement of six million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West 21) 24. Pan-Africanism: the principle or advocacy of the political union of all the indigenous inhabitants of Africa. 25. Harlem Renaissance: a blossoming of African American culture, particularly in the creative arts, and the most influential movement in
African American literary history. 26. National Negro League: professional baseball league for black players 27. Black Cabinet: informal group of highly placed African American advisors to Roosevelt 28. Federal Arts Project: a New Deal program to fund the visual arts in the United States.
- Spring '18
- American Civil War, Southern United States