Question 14 1 out of 1 points A 15-year-old boy is being carefully monitored for a skin infection and is being given ciprofloxacin. The nurse will observe for which of the following?
Response Feedback : A serious adverse reaction of ciprofloxacin is arthropathy, or joint pain, especially in children. This irreversible adverse reaction tends to occur in children under 18 years of age. Colitis is another adverse reaction of ciprofloxacin that the nurse needs to monitor for, but it generally does not affect children under 18 years of age. Hepatitis and hypotension are not identified adverse effects of ciprofloxacin in children or adults. Question 15 1 out of 1 points A nurse is providing education to a patient who is taking INH. The nurse will advise the patient to avoid which of the following foods? Response Feedback : Patients who take INH should avoid eating tyramine, histamine- rich foods, and foods containing caffeine. Also, the patient should be told to avoid consuming alcohol on a daily basis. Cheese, dairy products, chicken liver, beer, ale, bananas, and figs are rich in tyramine. Tuna, brine, and yeast extracts are rich in histamine. Patients need not refrain from eating potatoes, root vegetables, chicken, fish, or citrus fruits. Question 16 1 out of 1 points A nurse is aware that the concept of selective toxicity is foundational to antimicrobial therapy. Which of the following statements most accurately describes selective toxicity? Response Feedback: An important principle of antimicrobial therapy is selective toxicity, which is the ability to suppress or kill an infecting microbe without injury to the host. This concept does not denote dose-dependent effects, the ability to culture a microorganism, or the production of a drug. Question 17 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is critical to helping prevent development of resistant strains of microbes in patients? Response Feedback : Exposure to an antimicrobial agent leads to the development of resistance, so it is important to limit the use of these agents to the treatments of specific pathogens known to be sensitive to the drug being used. Drug dosages are also important in preventing the development of resistance. However, the duration of drug use is critical to ensure that microbes are completely eliminated and not given the chance to grow and develop resistant strains. It is hard to convince patients that the timing of the dose and length of time they continue to take the drug are important. Patients who stop the drug when they start
to feel better encourage the emergence of resistant strains. Question 18 1 out of 1 points A patient has endocarditis and is taking gentamicin. The nurse will be sure to monitor which of the following?
- Fall '13
- Pharmacology, adverse effects, Therapeutic effect, Adverse Effect, ciprofloxacin