from reading the ending quintet. Hayden is thanking his father for his service to the family and apologizing for not recognizing his father’s efforts. The author uses words like “sundays”, “cracked hands”, and “fires blaze” to create the setting of a Sunday morning at home and gener- ate a sense of reminiscence and nostalgia. He also juxtaposes cold and warm by using words like “blueblack cold” and “fires blaze” to indicate the difference that “father” has made for the fam- ily. The author also vividly depicts the coldness and fear he has for his father with phrases like “indifferently”, “chronic angers of that house”, and sentence like “No one ever thanked him”. Hayden directly applies to the pathos by pointing out that his father’s hands are cracked from hard work and asking the rhetorical question: “ What did I know, what did I know of love’s aus- tere and lonely offices?” By using all the strategies above, the author successfully conveys his
sense of gratefulness and regret to the readers and encourages the readers to form their own thoughts on family and love.
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- Fall '12
- Robert Hayden, Winter Sundays, chronic angers