A oral b anal c phallic d genital ans b dif moderate

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a. oral b. anal c. phallic d. genital ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology
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41. Andy’s id is a very dominant force in his personality. Which of the following is Andy most likely to do? a. feel embarrassed even if he has done nothing wrong b. act calmly around strangers c. follow his impulses when making decisions d. resolve conflicts in a peaceful way ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 42. Sam does not try hard at work, because he believes that promotions are completely random and that he has no control over whether he will get promoted. According to expectancy theory, Sam most likely has a(n) __________ locus of control. a. internal b. external c. situational d. dispositional ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 43. When Phia’s boss tells her that she is lazy and needs to work harder, Phia smiles and nods politely. That night, she screams at her husband Eric for burning the steaks. Phia’s behavior most likely is a result of the defense mechanism of a. displacement. b. denial. c. sublimation. d. repression. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 44. Eddie failed his driver’s license test. When asked why he failed, Eddie says the questions were not fair and the driving instructor did not teach him properly. According to expectancy theory, Eddie probably has an a. internal sense of determinism. b. external sense of determinism. c. internal locus of control. d. external locus of control. ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 45. Charlotte is excessively needy and smokes cigarettes constantly to ease her anxiety. According to the psychodynamic theory of personality, Charlotte may be fixated at the __________ stage of psychosocial development. a. anal b. oral c. phallic d. genital
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ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 46. Dr. Carl is a humanistic psychologist studying personality. Which of the following statements is he most likely to say? a. “Personality is based on a person’s unconscious wishes and conflicts.” b. “Personality is influenced by a person’s uniqueness, growth, and self- understanding.” c. “Personality is based on how we think, our expectancies, and our values.” d. “Personality can be described by our personal characteristics.” ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 47. Derek’s dad demands that Derek play catch with him. When Derek drops the ball, his dad tells him that he is useless unless he can be a good athlete. According to humanistic approaches to personality, Derek’s dad is creating __________ for his son.
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