This is not surprising since 2/3 of all the cases were Misdemeanors. (See the bottom row of Table 1.) Looking then at the sentence lengths for each class of crime, the bold numbers of Table 1 show the number of executed sentence days for Blacks and Whites. Toward the right end of the table, it can be seen that the average sentence length for Blacks is 50% longer than for Whites (187 days vs. 123). But looking at the sentence for each class of crime shows that it is actually shorter for Blacks than Whites for Misdemeanors and the Class D, C, and B Felonies. It is longer only for the Class A Felonies. The difference is especially noticeable for the Misdemeanors where Blacks got an average of 9 days and Whites an average of 23 days (about 2.5 times as long). We found a significantly greater number of zero day sentences for Blacks than Whites who were charged with misdemeanors. (χ2=17.45, degrees of freedom = 1, probability < 0.0001.) Table 1 Mean Sentence and Number of Defendants by Class of Crime and Race Misde- D C Felony B Felony A Felony Mean Total # of meanor Felony sent # sent # Sent # Sentnce Cases sent # sent # Blacks 9 120 119 35 138 9 1524 8 2111 7 187 179 Whites 23 123 168 41 442 13 1948 3 549 2 123 182 Sum 243 76 22 11 9 361 % of 67.3% 21.1 6.1 3.1 2.5 Cases Table 1. The mean executed sentence length in days (sent) is in bold font for each class of crime from least serious on the left to most serious on the right. The number of defendants is in italics. The bottom row
shows the proportion of all cases of executed sentences that are of each class of crime. The numbers in italics in Table 1 show the number of cases for each class of crime by race (as well as row and column sums). As can be seen at the far right, the total number of cases was nearly identical, as planned. Along the bottom is the percent of our combined samples (both racial groups) charged with each class of crime. It can be seen that two-thirds of the cases charged are Misdemeanors, about 20% are Class D Felonies, 6% are Class C and roughly 3% each for Class B and A. Looking at the numbers in each class by race, we find that for 39
Appendix A, 2001 NAACP-UU Report Misdemeanors and Class D and C Felonies, the number of Blacks and Whites charged are roughly the same. However for the most serious crimes, Classes B and A, we find that 75% of them are Black (15 cases) and 25% are White (5 cases). Several other observations can be made from our data: • Arrests for Class A Felony drug cases. The crime with the longest sentences was “Cocaine and Narcotic Drug Dealing”, a Class A Felony. One White was arrested for the charge, while seven Blacks were. Only one other Class A Felony was found in our sample, that against a White (on a child molestation charge). In order to increase our sample of Whites, we looked at another random sample of 60 more Whites arrested in 1998 (whose cases were not matched with Blacks used in this study).
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 116 pages?
- Fall '16
- Dr. Olouch