O no1 could enter service until he had tried the life

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oNo1 could enter service until he had tried the life fully for @ least 1 yroGov of the monastery= vested in the abbotEach monk= vowed absolute obedience to the abbot’s commandsoEach monastery should b equipped to furnish all the necessities of lifeb/c wondering outside the walls= dangerousorequired 7 services in 1 dayspecial obligation for 2 AM (the “vigil”)services= briefoidleness= hostile to the soul→ should b occupied in manual labor & religious readingoPreserved the writings of the Latin Chruch fathers & the masterpieces of Roman litBenedictine RuleoMade discipline a fundamentaloCombination of restraint w/ some degree of freedom= distinguished Benedict’s RuleDivine OfficeoShows how u structure ur dayoBy BenedictoDeals w/ monks & prayerMeaning of word Popeo“papa”= originally expressed the fatherly care of anyevery bishop of his flocko“father”Theory of papal rule – Leo IoChrist promised to build his church on PeterThe bishops of Rome= his successors in that authorityoUse of the Gospel texts to support Peter’s primacy flew in the face of several difficulties
17Vicar of Peteroin essence, this means Pope was infallible when speaking on matters of religious faith and practice→ when the Pope speaks, u must listenb/c when Pope speaks, Christ is speakingob/c Pope= “substitute Peter”Innocent IIIoTrained as canon lawyersExperts in church govoUsed the phrase “vicar of Christ”oClaimed that pope was the mediator b/w God & manLess than God but more than manoTold the princes of Europe that the papacy was like the sun, while kings were like the moonMoon= receives light frm the sun just as kings derive their powers frm the popePapacy’s chief weapons in support of his authority= spiritual penaltiesPope’s management of grace to get ppl into heaven instead of hellThreat of excommunicationoExcommunicated person n’t act as a judge, juror, witness or attorney or receive a ChristianburialoInterdict (aka ecclesisastical lockout)Fell upon whole nationsSuspended all public worship &withdrew the sacraments frm the lands ofdisobedient rulersoUsed spiritual weapons to lead Christianity to its peak of political & cultural influenceVicar of ChristoSee vicar of PeteroPope=“Substitute Christ”Boniface VIIIoproclaimed a Jubilee (a Holy Yr) to celebrate the new cenetenary of Christ’s birthoissuedClericis laicosDocument threatening excommunication for any lay ruler who taxed the clergy & any churchman who paidthose taxes w/o papal consentEdward said that if clergy didn’t pay, they would b stripped of all legal protection & their propertieswould b seizedPhillip= placed a complete embargo on all gold, silver, & jewels frm his domainso→ deprived papal treasury of a major source of revenue frm church collections in France

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Term
Fall
Professor
Holleyman
Tags
Gnosticism, The New Testament, New Testament, God frm God, The Confessions

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