O no1 could enter service until he had tried the life

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o No1 could enter service until he had tried the life fully for @ least 1 yr o Gov of the monastery= vested in the abbot Each monk= vowed absolute obedience to the abbot’s commands o Each monastery should b equipped to furnish all the necessities of life b/c wondering outside the walls= dangerous o required 7 services in 1 day special obligation for 2 AM (the “vigil”) services= brief o idleness= hostile to the soul → should b occupied in manual labor & religious reading o Preserved the writings of the Latin Chruch fathers & the masterpieces of Roman lit Benedictine Rule o Made discipline a fundamental o Combination of restraint w/ some degree of freedom= distinguished Benedict’s Rule Divine Office o Shows how u structure ur day o By Benedict o Deals w/ monks & prayer Meaning of word Pope o “papa”= originally expressed the fatherly care of any every bishop of his flock o “father” Theory of papal rule – Leo I o Christ promised to build his church on Peter The bishops of Rome= his successors in that authority o Use of the Gospel texts to support Peter’s primacy flew in the face of several difficulties
17 Vicar of Peter o in essence, this means Pope was infallible when speaking on matters of religious faith and practice → when the Pope speaks, u must listen b/c when Pope speaks, Christ is speaking o b/c Pope= “substitute Peter” Innocent III o Trained as canon lawyers Experts in church gov o Used the phrase “vicar of Christ” o Claimed that pope was the mediator b/w God & man Less than God but more than man o Told the princes of Europe that the papacy was like the sun, while kings were like the moon Moon= receives light frm the sun just as kings derive their powers frm the pope Papacy’s chief weapons in support of his authority= spiritual penalties Pope’s management of grace to get ppl into heaven instead of hell Threat of excommunication o Excommunicated person n’t act as a judge, juror, witness or attorney or receive a Christian burial o Interdict (aka ecclesisastical lockout) Fell upon whole nations Suspended all public worship & withdrew the sacraments frm the lands of disobedient rulers o Used spiritual weapons to lead Christianity to its peak of political & cultural influence Vicar of Christ o See vicar of Peter o Pope=“Substitute Christ” Boniface VIII o proclaimed a Jubilee (a Holy Yr) to celebrate the new cenetenary of Christ’s birth o issued Clericis laicos Document threatening excommunication for any lay ruler who taxed the clergy & any churchman who paid those taxes w/o papal consent Edward said that if clergy didn’t pay, they would b stripped of all legal protection & their properties would b seized Phillip= placed a complete embargo on all gold, silver, & jewels frm his domains o → deprived papal treasury of a major source of revenue frm church collections in France

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