Wanted the people of massachusetts to form their own

This preview shows page 9 - 12 out of 27 pages.

wanted the people of Massachusetts to form their own gov’t b- called for renewed economic action against British imports
c- wanted colonists to begin military training 3. Paul Revere travels on horseback to carry the Suffolk Resolves to the Congress in Philadelphia a- document is approved on September 17, 1774 4. the Congress also approves a declaration of colonists rights and liberties a- they call for a total shut down of all imported or exported trade with England b- they also prepare an address covering these points to the king J. A Challenge 1. though polite, these messages were a clear challenge to England and her king and Parliament 2. colonists decide the British should have a chance to respond a- colonists would decide if the response was acceptable though 3. delegates decided to meet again in the spring of 1775 a- they would discuss whether their grievances had been addressed and what their next move would be VI. The Battle of Lexington and Concord A. An Uneasy Peace 1. British General Thomas Gage a- governor of Massachusetts and commander of British military forces in North America b- was aware of how angry the colonists were c- became really worried that Patriots from several towns were stealing gunpowder out of Massachusetts main arsenal in Somerville 2. September 1, 1774- Gage’s soldiers close Boston’s only entrance off to the stealing colonists a- Gage’s men seize the remaining gunpowder in the arsenal - 250 ½ barrels worth b- the Patriots get angry c- a few thousand Patriots from Massachusetts and Connecticut assemble to go after Gage and his men d- Gage shuts down the Massachusetts legislature but the Patriots call for a temporary gov’t- the Provincial Congress e- Patriot doctor Joseph Warren is chosen president of the new gov’t f- militia companies begin to train on village greens (common areas in the center of each Massachusetts town). B. Militia and Minutemen 1. in all British colonies, males 16-50 joined militia units 2. they trained to fight in order to protect their communities and colonies when necessary 3. Massachusetts Provincial Congress suggested that towns take 1/3 of their men to form “minute companies” a- men could be ready to fight at a minute’s notice 4. came from all walks of life- farmers, teachers, doctors C. Problems for General Gage
1. Loyalists kept Gage informed by reporting militia’s activities 2. British scouts also rode across the countryside learning about local communities and attitudes 3. Gage continued to worry the more he learned a- had only 3000 soldiers while the Patriots had way more 4. Gage decides to write to Britain to ask for reinforcements a- received only a few hundred Royal Marines 5. February 1775 a- Gage sends troops north to Salem to capture Patriot cannons b- troops run into the Salem militia who refuse to let them pass c- the Salem militia gets reinforced by other town militias d- British troops withdraw due to being outnumbered e- troops get mocked by colonists for being losers as they march back D. Orders from Britain 1.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture