wanted the people of Massachusetts to form their own gov’tb-called for renewed economic action against British imports
c-wanted colonists to begin military training3.Paul Revere travels on horseback to carry the Suffolk Resolves to the Congress in Philadelphiaa-document is approved on September 17, 17744.the Congress also approves a declaration of colonists rights and libertiesa-they call for a total shut down of all imported or exported trade with Englandb-they also prepare an address covering these points to the kingJ.A Challenge1.though polite, these messages were a clear challenge to England and her king and Parliament2.colonists decide the British should have a chance to responda-colonists would decide if the response was acceptable though3.delegates decided to meet again in the spring of 1775a-they would discuss whether their grievances had been addressed and what their next move would beVI.The Battle of Lexington and ConcordA. An Uneasy Peace1.British General Thomas Gagea-governor of Massachusetts and commander of British military forces in North Americab-was aware of how angry the colonists werec-became really worried that Patriots from several towns were stealing gunpowder out of Massachusetts main arsenal in Somerville2.September 1, 1774- Gage’s soldiers close Boston’s only entrance off to the stealing colonistsa-Gage’s men seize the remaining gunpowder in the arsenal - 250 ½ barrels worthb-the Patriots get angry c-a few thousand Patriots from Massachusetts and Connecticut assemble to go after Gage and his mend-Gage shuts down the Massachusetts legislature but the Patriots callfor a temporary gov’t- the Provincial Congresse-Patriot doctor Joseph Warren is chosen president of the new gov’tf-militia companies begin to train on village greens (common areas in the center of each Massachusetts town).B. Militia and Minutemen1.in all British colonies, males 16-50 joined militia units 2.they trained to fight in order to protect their communities and colonies when necessary3.Massachusetts Provincial Congress suggested that towns take 1/3 of their men to form “minute companies”a-men could be ready to fight at a minute’s notice4.came from all walks of life- farmers, teachers, doctorsC. Problems for General Gage
1.Loyalists kept Gage informed by reporting militia’s activities2.British scouts also rode across the countryside learning about local communities and attitudes3.Gage continued to worry the more he learneda-had only 3000 soldiers while the Patriots had way more4.Gage decides to write to Britain to ask for reinforcementsa-received only a few hundred Royal Marines5.February 1775a-Gage sends troops north to Salem to capture Patriot cannonsb-troops run into the Salem militia who refuse to let them passc-the Salem militia gets reinforced by other town militiasd-British troops withdraw due to being outnumberede-troops get mocked by colonists for being losers as they march backD. Orders from Britain1.